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Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii


Higher Taxonomy
Family: HydrophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, generally hairy, generally taprooted. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: simple to pinnately compound, basal or cauline, alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, generally raceme-like and coiled, or flowers 1. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; calyx lobes generally 5, generally fused at base, generally persistent, enlarging in fruit; corolla rotate to cylindric, generally deciduous, lobes generally 5, appendages in pairs on tube between filaments or 0; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, filament base sometimes appendaged, appendages scale-like; ovary generally superior, chambers 1 or 2, placentas 2, parietal, enlarged into chamber, sometimes meeting so ovary appears 2--5-chambered, style 1, style branches 2, stigmas generally head-like. Fruit: capsule, generally loculicidal; valves generally 2.
Genera In Family: 12 genera, 240--260 species: especially western US; some cultivated (Emmenanthe, Nemophila, Phacelia). Note: Included in Boraginaceae in TJM2 and some other treatments (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group IV 2016 Bot J Linn Soc 181:1--20) but treated as separate family (excluding Namaceae) by Boraginales Working Group (Luebert et al. 2016).
eFlora Treatment Author: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert W. Patterson & Richard R. Halse, except as specified
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin
Genus: NemophilaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: simple to branched, prostrate to erect, fleshy, brittle, angled or winged, glabrous to generally bristly (prickly). Leaf: cauline, lower generally opposite, upper opposite or alternate, generally reduced; petiole generally bristly-ciliate; blade pinnate-toothed or -lobed, generally bristly. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils or opposite leaves; pedicels longer in fruit, recurved. Flower: calyx bell-shaped to rotate, sinuses generally with spreading or reflexed appendages; corolla bell-shaped to rotate, white, blue, or purple, spotted or marked or not; stamens included; ovary chamber 1, style 1, generally 1/3--1/2 forked. Fruit: generally 2--7 mm wide, spheric to ovoid, hairy, generally enclosed by calyx. Seed: ovoid, smooth, wrinkled or pitted, with a conic, colorless appendage at 1 end.
Species In Genus: 11 species: southeastern United States, western North America. Etymology: (Greek: woodland-loving)
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert W. Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Unabridged Reference: Constance 1941 Univ CA Publ Bot 19:341--398
Species: Nemophila menziesiiView Description 


Common Name: BABY BLUE-EYES
Leaf: opposite; lower 1--5 cm, blade = petiole, linear-oblong to ovate, lobes 5--13, obtuse, entire or 1--3-toothed; upper +- sessile, entire, toothed, or less lobed than lower. Inflorescence: pedicels 20--60 mm, < 70 mm in fruit. Flower: calyx lobes 4--8 mm, appendages 1--4 mm in fruit; corolla 5--20 mm, 6--40 mm wide, bowl-shaped to rotate, bright blue with white center to white, generally blue-veined, black-dotted, tube <= filaments; anthers 2--3 mm; style 2--7 mm. Fruit: 5--15 mm wide. Seed: 4--20, brown to black, wrinkled, tubercled. Chromosomes: n=9.
Note: Highly variable; varieties intergrade.
Nemophila menziesii Hook. & Arn. var. menziesii
NATIVE
Leaf: lower 6--13-lobed, upper fewer, short-petioled, toothed or lobes narrower. Flower: corolla 5--20 mm, 10--40 mm wide, bright blue with white center or blue-veined, generally black-dotted at center, tube = filaments. Seed: 10--20.
Ecology: Meadows, grassland, chaparral, woodland, slopes, desert washes; Elevation: 15--1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, DMoj. Flowering Time: Feb--May
Jepson eFlora Author: Robert W. Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii

botanical illustration including Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii

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Citation for this treatment: Robert W. Patterson & Richard R. Halse 2021, Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 9, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=62285, accessed on August 07, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 07, 2022.

Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2020 Neal Kramer
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2004 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii:
CA-FP, DMoj.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).