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Vascular Plants of California
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Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: NemophilaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: simple to branched, prostrate to erect, fleshy, brittle, angled or winged, glabrous to generally bristly (prickly). Leaf: cauline, lower generally opposite, upper opposite or alternate, generally reduced; petiole generally bristly-ciliate; blade pinnate-toothed or -lobed, generally bristly. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils or opposite leaves; pedicels longer in fruit, recurved. Flower: calyx bell-shaped to rotate, sinuses generally with spreading or reflexed appendages; corolla bell-shaped to rotate, white, blue, or purple, spotted or marked or not; stamens included; ovary chamber 1, style 1, generally 1/3--1/2 forked. Fruit: generally 2--7 mm wide, spheric to ovoid, hairy, generally enclosed by calyx. Seed: ovoid, smooth, wrinkled or pitted, with a conic, colorless appendage at 1 end.
Species In Genus: 11 species: southeastern United States, western North America. Etymology: (Greek: woodland-loving)
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Unabridged Reference: Constance 1941 Univ CA Publ Bot 19:341--398
Species: Nemophila menziesiiView Description 

Leaf: opposite; lower 1--5 cm, blade = petiole, linear-oblong to ovate, lobes 5--13, obtuse, entire or 1--3-toothed; upper +- sessile, entire, toothed, or less lobed than lower. Inflorescence: pedicels 20--60 mm, < 70 mm in fruit. Flower: calyx lobes 4--8 mm, appendages 1--4 mm in fruit; corolla 5--20 mm, 6--40 mm wide, bowl-shaped to rotate, bright blue with white center to white, generally blue-veined, black-dotted, tube <= filaments; anthers 2--3 mm; style 2--7 mm. Fruit: 5--15 mm wide. Seed: 4--20, brown to black, wrinkled, tubercled. Chromosomes: n=9.
Note: Highly variable; varieties intergrade.
Nemophila menziesii Hook. & Arn. var. menziesii
Leaf: lower 6--13-lobed, upper fewer, short-petioled, toothed or lobes narrower. Flower: corolla 5--20 mm, 10--40 mm wide, bright blue with white center or blue-veined, generally black-dotted at center, tube = filaments. Seed: 10--20.
Ecology: Meadows, grassland, chaparral, woodland, slopes, desert washes; Elevation: 15--1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, DMoj. Flowering Time: Feb--May
Jepson eFlora Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia
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Botanical illustration including Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii

botanical illustration including Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii


Citation for this treatment: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse 2012, Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 15, 2021.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2021, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 15, 2021.

Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2020 Neal Kramer
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2013 Neal Kramer
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2011 Barry Breckling
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2003 Christopher L. Christie
Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii
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© 2019 Neal Kramer

More photos of Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Nemophila menziesii var. menziesii:
CA-FP, DMoj.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).