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Vascular Plants of California
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Collinsia torreyi var. wrightii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: +- 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Diplacus, Erythranthe, Limosella, Lindernia, Mimetanthe, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Mohavea moved to Antirrhinum. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert W. Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CollinsiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, often glandular, sometimes brown-staining. Leaf: opposite; proximal petioled. Inflorescence: bracted, often interrupted; flowers 1--many in leaf axils. Flower: calyx lobes 5, generally glabrous on inner surface; corolla +- pea-like, uniformly pale, or generally with pale regions, especially throat and base of upper lip (+- uniformly dark in Collinsia greenei), generally glabrous outside, tube short, throat +- angled to tube, +- pouched on upper side, lips generally +- = throat, upper lobes 2, +- reflexed, lower lobes 3, lateral spreading, central lobe keeled, enclosing stamens and style; stamens 4, attached unequally near throat base, spur at base of upper filaments > 1 mm, vestigial, or 0; staminode gland-like; style > 2 mm, stigma minutely 2-lobed. Fruit: septicidal and loculicidal (valves 2-lobed). Seed: generally few, +- oblong, generally plump; inner surface +- concave.
Etymology: (Zaccheus Collins, Philadelphia botanist, 1764--1831) Note: Late-season flowers generally atypically small.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael S. Park & Elizabeth Chase Neese
Species: Collinsia torreyiView Description 

Habit: Plant 5--25 cm. Inflorescence: open, conspicuously densely glandular, staining; distal-most bracts 0--2 mm; pedicels generally >> calyx, some strongly reflexed in fruit, S-shaped. Flower: calyx +- = fruit, lobe tips +- blunt; corolla 4--10 mm, throat angled to tube, as wide as long, throat and lower lip generally blue (lavender +- purple), upper lip +- white or pale lavender, with projections bulging < 1 mm away from throat opening at base of each lobe; filaments glabrous, upper pair sometimes hairy at base, basal spur 0. Seed: 2.
Note: Collinsia torreyi var. wrightii and Collinsia torreyi var. brevicarinata perhaps best treated as Collinsia wrightii S. Watson.
Collinsia torreyi A. Gray var. wrightii (S. Watson) I.M. Johnst.
Leaf: generally > 5 × longer than wide, linear to elliptic. Flower: corolla generally 4--6 mm.
Ecology: Conifer forest, often in sandy, granitic soil; Elevation: 800--4000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRH, CaRH, SNH, Teh, TR, Wrn. Flowering Time: May--Aug
Jepson eFlora Author: Michael S. Park & Elizabeth Chase Neese
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Michael S. Park & Elizabeth Chase Neese 2012, Collinsia torreyi var. wrightii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 21, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 21, 2024.

Collinsia torreyi  
var. wrightii
click for enlargement
©2005 Steve Matson
Collinsia torreyi  
var. wrightii
click for enlargement
©2021 Barry Rice
Collinsia torreyi  
var. wrightii
click for enlargement
©2005 Steve Matson
Collinsia torreyi  
var. wrightii
click for enlargement
©2005 Steve Matson
Collinsia torreyi  
var. wrightii
click for enlargement
©2005 Steve Matson

More photos of Collinsia torreyi var. wrightii
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Collinsia torreyi var. wrightii:
NCoRH, CaRH, SNH, Teh, TR, Wrn.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).