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Vascular Plants of California
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Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: +- 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Diplacus, Erythranthe, Limosella, Lindernia, Mimetanthe, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Mohavea moved to Antirrhinum. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CollinsiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, often glandular, sometimes brown-staining. Leaf: opposite; proximal petioled. Inflorescence: bracted, often interrupted; flowers 1--many in leaf axils. Flower: calyx lobes 5, generally glabrous on inner surface; corolla +- pea-like, uniformly pale, or generally with pale regions, especially throat and base of upper lip (+- uniformly dark in Collinsia greenei), generally glabrous outside, tube short, throat +- angled to tube, +- pouched on upper side, lips generally +- = throat, upper lobes 2, +- reflexed, lower lobes 3, lateral spreading, central lobe keeled, enclosing stamens and style; stamens 4, attached unequally near throat base, spur at base of upper filaments > 1 mm, vestigial, or 0; staminode gland-like; style > 2 mm, stigma minutely 2-lobed. Fruit: septicidal and loculicidal (valves 2-lobed). Seed: generally few, +- oblong, generally plump; inner surface +- concave.
Species In Genus: +- 20 species: North America, especially California. Etymology: (Zaccheus Collins, Philadelphia botanist, 1764--1831) Note: Late-season flowers generally atypically small.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael S. Park & Elizabeth Chase Neese
Species: Collinsia sparsifloraView Description 

Leaf: generally linear to oblong, entire. Inflorescence: open, glabrous to finely hairy, nonglandular; pedicels 1--2(3) per node, +- equal, generally >> calyx. Flower: calyx generally >> fruit, lobe tips sharp to long-tapered, generally ciliate; corolla generally lavender to purple (white), lowest lobe sparsely long-hairy near tip; upper filaments (sparsely) short-spreading-hairy; basal spur 0. Fruit: spheric; top generally red-blotched, revealed by widely spreading calyx lobes. Seed: 4--12, flat, +- round, generally concave, +- winged.
Note: Large- and small-flowered varieties often co-occur regionally, sometimes locally; flower sizes of varieties do not overlap within a region.
Collinsia sparsiflora Fisch. & C.A. Mey. var. sparsiflora
Habit: Plant 5--30 cm. Flower: corolla 7--20 mm, throat strongly angled to tube, pouch generally evident to prominent. Chromosomes: n=7.
Ecology: Grassy, sometimes disturbed or rocky places, chaparral, oak woodland, dry mixed woodland; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRO, NCoRI, CaRF, n&c SNF, GV, n CW; Distribution Outside California: Oregon. Flowering Time: Mar--May Note: If recognized taxonomically, plants with especially large corollas (12--20 mm) in southern NCoRO, southern NCoRI, northern SnFrB assignable to Collinsia sparsiflora var. arvensis (Greene) Jeps.
Jepson eFlora Author: Michael S. Park & Elizabeth Chase Neese
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Collinsia sparsiflora var. collina
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Botanical illustration including Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora

botanical illustration including Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora


Citation for this treatment: Michael S. Park & Elizabeth Chase Neese 2012, Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 28, 2021.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2021, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 28, 2021.

Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora
click for enlargement
© 2017 Barry Rice
Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora
click for enlargement
© 2017 Barry Rice
Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora
click for enlargement
© 2017 Barry Rice
Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer

More photos of Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Collinsia sparsiflora var. sparsiflora:
NCoRO, NCoRI, CaRF, n&c SNF, GV, n CW
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).