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Vascular Plants of California
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Chorizanthe brevicornu var. spathulata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolygonaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree]. Stem: nodes swollen or not. Leaf: simple, basal or cauline, generally alternate; ocreae present or 0, generally scarious, persistent or not. Inflorescence: flower clusters in axillary to terminal cyme-, panicle-, raceme-, spike-, umbel- or head-like arrangements, entire inflorescence or main inflorescence branches generally subtended by bracts ("inflorescence bracts"); peduncles present or 0; flower clusters in Eriogoneae-Eriogonoideae subtended by involucre of >= 1 free or +- fused, sometimes awn-tipped bracts ("involucre bracts") or, in Polygonoideae and rarely in Eriogonoideae, not (if bracts completely fused, involucre "tubular"); pedicels in Eriogoneae each often subtended by 2 free, transparent, linear bractlets or in Polygonoideae all subtended by 2+ fused, membranous, wide bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, small, 1--200 per node; perianth parts 2--6, generally in 2 whorls, free or basally fused, generally petal-like, often +- concave adaxially, often darker at midvein, often turning +- red or +- brown in age; stamens [1]3 or 6--9 in 2 whorls; ovary superior, 1-chambered, ovule 1, styles 1--3. Fruit: achenes, included in or exserted from perianth, generally 3-angled, ovoid or elliptic, generally glabrous.
Genera In Family: 48 genera, +- 1200 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate; some cultivated for food (Coccoloba, sea-grape; Fagopyrum, Rheum, Rumex) or ornamental (Antigonon, lovechain; Coccoloba; Muehlenbeckia; Persicaria; Polygonum), a few timbered (Coccoloba; Triplaris). Several (Emex; Fallopia; Persicaria; Polygonum; Rumex) are weeds. Note: Treatment of genera in Eriogonoideae based on monographic work of James L. Reveal. Involucre number throughout is number (1--many) per ultimate grouping, at tips of ultimate branches; flower number is per flower cluster or involucre, unless otherwise stated. Fagopyrum esculentum Moench not naturalized, considered an historical waif (or garden weed +- presently), therefore not treated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mihai Costea, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ChorizantheView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual [perennial herb], generally hairy. Stem: branches basal or from erect stem, prostrate or decumbent to ascending. Leaf: all basal or basal and cauline, alternate except for bracts, awnless; ocreae 0. Inflorescence: cyme-like, open to +- congested; axes generally 3 from plant base or proximalmost branching node of erect stem, equally or unequally forked; bracts opposite or whorled, entire, generally in whorl of 3 at proximalmost branching node, not distinguishable from basal leaves in plants branched from base, distal generally opposite, proximal leaf-like or some or all scale-like to linear, needle-like, awnless or distal often all awned; involucres sessile, generally solitary at axis forks, distally in loose to dense clusters; involucre tubular, 3--6-ribbed, lobes 3, 5, or 6, equally or unequally awned, awns straight or hooked; involucres at forks often differing from those in clusters. Flower: 1(2) per involucre; pedicel short, included in involucre; perianth glabrous or hairy, white, yellow, pink, maroon, or purple, sometimes 2-colored, lobes (5)6, entire, minutely toothed, or fringed, tip acute, rounded, notched, or 2-lobed; stamens generally 3, 6, or 9. Fruit: generally brown or black, generally ellipsoid, glabrous; embryo straight or curved.
Etymology: (Greek: divided flower, for perianth lobes) Note: Involucre length measurements include lobes and awns unless otherwise specified. Chorizanthe minutiflora and C. aphanantha newly described, added; C. eastwoodiae segregated from C. angustifolia.
eFlora Treatment Author: James L. Reveal, Thomas J. Rosatti, David Gowen & David J. Keil
Reference: Morgan et al. 2014 Phytoneuron 2014-63:1--9; Nelson et al. 2018 Madroño 65:184--191; Gowen & Johnson 2020 Phytotaxa 455(1):1--8.
Species: Chorizanthe brevicornuView Description 

Habit: Plant +- erect, diffusely branched, green or yellow-green, minutely strigose. Stem: branches from plant base, ascending, breaking at nodes. Leaf: basal; blades 1--3(4) cm, 0.1--1 cm wide, linear to oblanceolate or spoon-shaped. Inflorescence: axes forked throughout; bracts opposite, proximal leaf-like, distal linear-scale-like, awns straight or hooked, 0.2--0.5 mm; involucres single or distally in open clusters; involucre 3--5 mm, narrowly cylindric, 3-angled, 6-ribbed, lobes 6, 0.4--1.2 mm, +- equal, margins not scarious, awns 0.2--0.5 mm, hooked. Flower: 1; perianth 2--4 mm, glabrous, green-white to white or pale yellow-white, outer and inner lobes similar, linear to narrowly oblanceolate, entire; stamens 3, fused to perianth tube top. Fruit: 3--4 mm.

Chorizanthe brevicornu Torr. var. spathulata (Rydb.) C.L. Hitchc.
Habit: Plant 0.5--2(3) dm. Leaf: blades 1--2 cm, 0.5--1 cm wide, oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, tips round. Inflorescence: involucre obscurely ribbed. Chromosomes: n=19.
Ecology: Sand, gravel; Elevation: 700--2900 m. Bioregional Distribution: SNE; Distribution Outside California: to northern and central Nevada, also southeastern Oregon, southern Idaho. Flowering Time: Apr--Jul
Synonyms: Chorizanthe spathulata Small ex Rydb.
Jepson eFlora Author: James L. Reveal, Thomas J. Rosatti, David Gowen & David J. Keil
Reference: Morgan et al. 2014 Phytoneuron 2014-63:1--9; Nelson et al. 2018 Madroño 65:184--191; Gowen & Johnson 2020 Phytotaxa 455(1):1--8.
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: James L. Reveal, Thomas J. Rosatti, David Gowen & David J. Keil 2022, Chorizanthe brevicornu var. spathulata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 10,, accessed on June 13, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 13, 2024.

Chorizanthe brevicornu  
var. spathulata
click for enlargement
©2014 James Morefield
Chorizanthe brevicornu  
var. spathulata
click for enlargement
©1999 Larry Blakely
Chorizanthe brevicornu  
var. spathulata
click for enlargement
©2014 Steve Matson
Chorizanthe brevicornu  
var. spathulata
click for enlargement
©1998 Larry Blakely
Chorizanthe brevicornu  
var. spathulata
click for enlargement
©2014 Steve Matson

More photos of Chorizanthe brevicornu var. spathulata
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Geographic subdivisions for Chorizanthe brevicornu var. spathulata:
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).