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Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis
PURSLANE SPEEDWELL


Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PLANTAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: +- 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Diplacus, Erythranthe, Limosella, Lindernia, Mimetanthe, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Mohavea moved to Antirrhinum. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert W. Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: VeronicaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: SPEEDWELL, BROOKLIME
Habit: Annual, perennial herb. Stem: erect or prostrate. Leaf: cauline, opposite, sessile to short-petioled. Inflorescence: raceme, terminal or axillary, or flowers 1 in axils; bracts small, alternate. Flower: sepals generally 4(5), +- free, generally unequal; corolla +- radial, +- rotate, generally 4-lobed, tube << lobes, upper lobe wide (perhaps formed by fusion of upper pair), blue or violet to white; stamens 2, exserted; stigma unlobed. Fruit: flattened perpendicular to septum, generally obcordate, loculicidal and septicidal.
Species In Genus: +- 250 species: northern temperate, especially Eurasia. Etymology: (Named for Saint Veronica) Note: Veronica beccabunga L., Veronica chamaedrys L. not in California; Veronica filiformis Sm., Veronica hederifolia L. occasionally as lawn weeds. Veronica biloba L., native to eastern Europe, Asia, a waif in southern Sierra Nevada Foothills, Modoc Plateau, differs from Veronica persica in ways including shorter styles (< 1 mm).
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax
Unabridged Reference: Albach et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92:297--315; Olmstead et al. 2001 Amer J Bot 88:348--361
Veronica peregrina L. subsp. xalapensis (Kunth) Pennell
NATIVE
Habit: Annual, taprooted, generally glandular-hairy. Stem: erect, generally branched, 5--30 cm. Leaf: proximal +- petioled; 5--25 mm, oblong to spoon-shaped, entire to +- serrate. Inflorescence: racemes terminal, open; bracts lanceolate, > pedicels; pedicels 0.5--2 mm. Flower: sepals 3--6 mm, +- equal, lanceolate; corolla 2--3 mm, +- white; style 0.1--0.4 mm. Fruit: 3--4 mm, obovate; notch 0.2--0.5 mm. Seed: generally many, 0.5 mm, flat, smooth. Chromosomes: 2n=52.
Ecology: Moist places; Elevation: < 3100 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, SNE, D (uncommon); Distribution Outside California: to western Canada, Mexico, South America. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug Note: Veronica peregrina subsp. peregrina (glabrous) is widespread in eastern North America, Europe.
Jepson eFlora Author: Margriet Wetherwax
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis

botanical illustration including Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax 2012, Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=53337, accessed on June 30, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on June 30, 2022.

Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis
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© 2011 Michael Charters
Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis
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© 2003 Steve Matson
Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis
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© 2011 Steve Matson
Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis
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© 2017 Neal Kramer
Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis
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© 2011 Neal Kramer

More photos of Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Veronica peregrina subsp. xalapensis:
CA-FP, SNE, D (uncommon)
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).