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Vascular Plants of California
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Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LiliumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY
Habit: Plant from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs here for brevity), generally not clonal, +- glabrous; bulb scale segments 2--many, if segmented. Stem: erect. Leaf: > 12, +- whorled (often some alternate), sessile, spreading with drooping tips to ascending, generally +- elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0. Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1--40+; bracts generally 2 per flower. Flower: generally radial, generally bell- or funnel-shaped; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, +- lanceolate, base narrowed, generally red-purple-spotted adaxially; stamens 6, gen exceeding to much exceeding perianth, anthers attached at middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, erect, generally +- smooth, loculicidal. Seed: many, flat, in 6 stacks. Chromosomes: n=12.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: northern temperate, tropical mountains of eastern Asia. Etymology: (Greek: lily) Note: Variable, hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction, collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May--Aug.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark W. Skinner
Unabridged Reference: Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ
Species: Lilium pardalinumView Description 

Habit: Plant < 2.8 m, +- clonal; bulb spreading-elongate, often branched, scales (1)2--4-segmented, longest 1--3.3 cm. Leaf: alternate or in 1--8 whorls, 4--27 cm, generally +- elliptic; margin generally not wavy. Inflorescence: flowers 1--28(35), pendent. Flower: +- widely bell-shaped, generally not fragrant; perianth parts 3.4--10.4 cm, reflexed in distal 67--75%, generally +- 2-toned, adaxially generally pale orange to red on distal 25--60%, lighter near base, with maroon spots near tip margined yellow or orange, abaxially paler and green on basal +- 20%; filaments +- widely diverging, anthers 5--22 mm, +- magenta to orange or yellow, turning darker, pollen red-brown to yellow, turning lighter; pistil 3--8 cm. Fruit: 2.3--6 cm.

Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri (Eastw.) M.W. Skinner
Habit: Plant < 1.7 m, weakly clonal; bulb scales 1--2-segmented. Leaf: whorled (or alternate especially in small plants), +- linear. Flower: perianth parts 4.8--8.3 cm, 2-toned, tips darker; anthers 5--18 mm, magenta or purple, pollen red-orange or orange; pistil 3.5--5.3 cm. Fruit: 2.5--5 cm.
Ecology: Peatland, streams, springs; Elevation: 100--1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: w KR; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug Note: Hybrid swarms with Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii in western Siskiyou Co. Plants in deep shade generally have wider leaves, are much like Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum.
Synonyms: Lilium vollmeri Eastw.
Jepson eFlora Author: Mark W. Skinner
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Lilium pardalinum subsp. shastense
Next taxon: Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii

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Botanical illustration including Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri

botanical illustration including Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri


Citation for this treatment: Mark W. Skinner 2012, Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 04, 2021.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2021, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 04, 2021.

Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri
click for enlargement
© 2008 Gary A. Monroe
Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri
click for enlargement
© 2008 Gary A. Monroe
Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

More photos of Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Lilium pardalinum subsp. vollmeri:
w KR
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).