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Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LiliumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY
Habit: Plant from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs here for brevity), generally not clonal, +- glabrous; bulb scale segments 2--many, if segmented. Stem: erect. Leaf: > 12, +- whorled (often some alternate), sessile, spreading with drooping tips to ascending, generally +- elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0. Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1--40+; bracts generally 2 per flower. Flower: generally radial, generally bell- or funnel-shaped; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, +- lanceolate, base narrowed, generally red-purple-spotted adaxially; stamens 6, generally exceeding to much exceeding perianth, anthers attached at middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, erect, generally +- smooth, loculicidal. Seed: many, flat, in 6 stacks. Chromosomes: n=12.
Etymology: (Greek: lily) Note: Variable, hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction, collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May--Aug.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark W. Skinner
Unabridged Reference: Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ
Species: Lilium humboldtiiView Description 

Habit: Plant < 3.1 m; bulb +- erect-ovoid or oblique-elongate, scales segmented or not, longest 3--12 cm. Stem: brown-purple or not. Leaf: in 2--8 whorls, generally ascending, 4.5--14.5 cm, generally +- oblanceolate; margin generally wavy. Inflorescence: flowers 1--33(40), pendent. Flower: +- widely bell-shaped, not fragrant; perianth parts generally 5.6--9.5 cm, reflexed in distal 80%, orange or yellow, adaxially ridged basally; filaments diverging widely, anthers 11--19 mm, purple, pollen red-brown to tan-yellow; pistil 4.5--7.1 cm. Fruit: 2.5--5.4 cm, ribbed.

Lilium humboldtii Duch. subsp. ocellatum (Kellogg) Thorne
Habit: Bulb scales often purple at tip, obscurely (1)2--5-segmented. Flower: perianth yellow or light orange, spots margined lighter red (toward tip larger, with wider margins); pollen +- tan or tan-yellow.
Ecology: Oak canyons, chaparral, yellow-pine forest; Elevation: < 1800 m. Bioregional Distribution: s CW, SW. Flowering Time: May--Aug
Synonyms: Lilium bloomerianum Kellogg var. ocellatum Kellogg; Lilium fairchildii M.E. Jones; Lilium humboldtii var. bloomerianum (Kellogg) Jeps.; Lilium humboldtii var. magnificum Purdy; Lilium humboldtii var. ocellatum (Kellogg) Elwes; Lilium ocellatum (Kellogg) Beane
Jepson eFlora Author: Mark W. Skinner
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum

botanical illustration including Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum

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Citation for this treatment: Mark W. Skinner 2012, Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 17, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 17, 2024.

Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum
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©2013 Keir Morse
Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum
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©2009 Thomas Stoughton
Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum
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©2011 Neal Kramer
Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum
click for enlargement
©2009 Thomas Stoughton
Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum
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©2008 Thomas Stoughton

More photos of Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum
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Geographic subdivisions for Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum:
s CW, SW.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).