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Vascular Plants of California
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Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert W. Patterson, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert W. Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: IpomopsisView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, [+- subshrub]. Stem: generally branched at base. Leaf: alternate, simple, smaller upward, entire to pinnate- or palmate-lobed; lobes generally small-pointed at tip. Inflorescence: clusters, lateral or open to head-like, terminal. Flower: calyx generally bell-shaped, tube, sinuses membranous, glabrous to hairy, lobes generally small-pointed at tip; corolla generally salverform, radial or bilateral, white to red or lavender. Seed: slender, angled, +- winged, white to light brown.
Etymology: (Greek: like Ipomoea) Note: Perennial herb cross-, annual generally self-pollinated. Ipomopsis depressa moved to Loeseliastrum.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken
Unabridged Reference: Grant & Wilken 1988 Bot Gaz 149:443--449
Species: Ipomopsis congestaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb. Stem: decumbent to erect, 1--3 dm, glabrous to densely puberulent. Leaf: 1--4 cm, generally hairy, entire or pinnate- to palmate-lobed. Inflorescence: head-like, terminal. Flower: calyx 3--5 mm; corolla generally > calyx, tube generally < 10 mm, yellow, lobes generally oblong, white; stamens attached at 1 level, exserted; style included. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Note: 7 subspecies total, especially GB.
Ipomopsis congesta (Hook.) V.E. Grant subsp. montana (A. Nelson & P.B. Kenn.) V.E. Grant
Habit: Perennial herb, cespitose. Stem: 1--2 dm. Leaf: palmate-3--5-lobed.
Ecology: Montane to alpine slopes; Elevation: 1500--3700 m. Bioregional Distribution: CaRH, n&c SNH, GB; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Idaho. Flowering Time: May--Sep
Synonyms: Ipomopsis congesta subsp. palmifrons (Brand) A.G. Day
Jepson eFlora Author: Dieter H. Wilken
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana

botanical illustration including Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana

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Citation for this treatment: Dieter H. Wilken 2012, Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 29, 2023.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2023, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 29, 2023.

Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana
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© 1993 Gary A. Monroe
Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana
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© 2006 Steve Matson
Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana
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© 2017 Neal Kramer

More photos of Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Ipomopsis congesta subsp. montana:
CaRH, n&c SNH, GB
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).