Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |
| N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon

Gilia ochroleuca subsp. exilis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert W. Patterson, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert W. Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GiliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: decumbent to erect, glabrous, hairy, glandular, or tufted-woolly-hairy. Leaf: simple, 1--3-pinnate-lobed or -dissected, generally alternate, margins entire, toothed, or lobed, tips acute, acuminate, or mucronate; basal generally in rosette; cauline generally reduced. Inflorescence: flowers 1--many in bract axils. Flower: calyx membranous between lobes, membranes splitting or expanding in fruit; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate, acute or acuminate. Fruit: spheric to ovoid; chambers 3; valves separating from top, to base and detaching or not to base and staying attached to receptacle. Seed: 3--many, yellow to brown, gelatinous when wet.
Etymology: (Filippo L. Gilii, Italian naturalist, 1756--1821) Note: Stamens, styles said to be exserted protrude beyond fused part of corolla, that is, beyond corolla throat. Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Aliciella, Lathrocasis, Linanthus, Navarretia, Saltugilia.
Unabridged Note: Gilia can be challenging to identify. Several small-flowered species are only cryptically different from one another and many traits overlap. In order to successfully use the key, it is important to note pattern and distribution of flower color at the time of collection, as it may fade upon drying. Depauperate specimens may be particularly difficult if not impossible to identify using ordinary means. Descriptions of flowers follows previous authors (Day 1993; Grant & Grant 1956) in subdividing fused part of corolla into tube (basal part with parallel sides) and throat (flared part distal to tube). It is important to note that in some cases these definitions do not refer to homologous parts of the corolla.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Mark Porter
Species: Gilia ochroleucaView Description 

Stem: branches 5--30 cm, glabrous or tufted-woolly-hairy, generally glandular in inflorescence. Leaf: lower in rosette, 1--2-pinnate-lobed or entire, axis, lobes generally linear, generally angled toward tip; cauline palmate. Inflorescence: pedicels spreading, generally in subequal pairs, thread-like, glandular; leaf-like bracts generally entire. Flower: calyx 2--4 mm, lobes linear, membranes colorless; corolla 4--14 mm, tube purple, throat expanded, yellow proximally, blue distally, lobes pink to white; stamens +- exserted. Fruit: 2.4--5 mm, spheric; valves detaching. Seed: 3--15. Chromosomes: 2n=18.

Gilia ochroleuca M.E. Jones subsp. exilis (A. Gray) A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant
Habit: Plant yellow-green. Stem: branches suberect, generally tufted-woolly-hairy (glandular). Leaf: tufted-woolly-hairy, entire to generally 1-pinnate-lobed. Inflorescence: glabrous or glandular. Flower: calyx 2.3--3.2 mm, +- tufted-woolly-hairy, lobes acute to acuminate; corolla 8--11 mm, tube +- exserted, > throat, tube white, generally purple-streaked, throat yellow proximally, blue distally, lobes blue (entire corolla +- yellow); style +- exserted; stigmas near or just exceeding anthers. Fruit: 3.8--4.5 mm, spheric to ovoid.
Ecology: Common. Flats; Elevation: 100--2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, SnGb, s SnBr, PR, w D; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Aug Note: Small-flowered race in southeastern PR.
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Mark Porter
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Gilia ochroleuca subsp. bizonata
Next taxon: Gilia ochroleuca subsp. ochroleuca

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Gilia ochroleuca subsp. exilis

botanical illustration including Gilia ochroleuca subsp. exilis

Please use this Google Form for Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: J. Mark Porter 2023, Gilia ochroleuca subsp. exilis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 12,, accessed on June 15, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 15, 2024.

Gilia ochroleuca subsp. exilis
click for enlargement
©2010 Michael Charters
Gilia ochroleuca subsp. exilis
click for enlargement
©2010 Michael Charters
Gilia ochroleuca subsp. exilis
click for enlargement
©2010 Michael Charters
Gilia ochroleuca subsp. exilis
click for enlargement
©2010 Michael Charters

More photos of Gilia ochroleuca subsp. exilis
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Gilia ochroleuca subsp. exilis:
SCo, SnGb, s SnBr, PR, w D
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).