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Vascular Plants of California
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Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis


Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BRODIAEA FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]; daughter corms formed at stem base above corm of previous year, cormlets formed at base of corms or on short stolons. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 13 genera, 70--80 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BrodiaeaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Cormlets often present. Leaf: generally 1--6, linear, generally crescent-shaped in ×-section, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: open; scape 2--70 cm, generally slender, generally straight, cylindric; bracts scarious; pedicels generally > flowers, generally < 13 cm. Flower: perianth tube bell- to funnel-shaped, green-white, lobes erect to spreading, violet to lavender, occasionally pink, midribs purple or green; staminodes (0)3, generally +- erect, opposite outer lobes, white to violet or lavender, lateral margins flat, incurved, or inrolled; stamens 3, equal, fused to perianth, opposite inner lobes, filaments occasionally winged or appendaged, free or fused basally to staminodes, generally not forming crown-like tube, anthers attached at base, appressed to style, abaxially papillate; style 1, stigma lobes 3, spreading and recurved. Fruit: sessile, ovoid. Seed: oblong, black, lined, angles ridged.
Species In Genus: +- 19 species: mostly endemic to California. Etymology: (James Brodie, Scottish botanist, 1744--1824)
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
Reference: Preston 2013 Systematic Botany 38:1012--1028
Unabridged Reference: Chester et al. 2007 Madroño 54:187--198; Preston 2006 Madroño 53:46--54; Preston 2006 Novon 16:254--259
Species: Brodiaea terrestrisView Description 


Inflorescence: scape 0.5--20 cm, slender; pedicels <= 13 cm. Flower: perianth 15--39.5 mm, tube 7.5--13 mm, narrow-bell-shaped, opaque, not splitting in fruit, lobes 10--24 mm, violet (white), ascending, tips recurved; staminodes leaning toward but not appressed to stamens, 5.5--12 mm, white to violet, margins 1/4 incurved, tip occasionally +- hooded; filaments 2--4.5 mm, base dilated, anthers 2.5--7 mm, tips generally reflexed, with dentate lobe in notch or not; ovary 4--10 mm, style 4--10 mm.

Brodiaea terrestris Kellogg subsp. kernensis (Hoover) T.F. Niehaus
NATIVE
Inflorescence: scape 2--20 cm; pedicels <= 7.5 cm. Flower: perianth 26--36 mm, tube 10--15 mm, lobes 15.5--23 mm, outer 4.5--6.5 mm wide, outer 6--9 mm wide; staminodes 7--12 mm, violet (white), margins 1/4 incurved, often to tip; filaments 2--4 mm, anthers 4.5--7 mm, tips erect to reflexed, generally without dentate lobe in notch; ovary 7--10 mm, style 6.5--10 mm. Chromosomes: n=24.
Ecology: Grassland, open foothill woodland; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, Teh, se SnJV, TR, PR. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun Note: Plants in TR, PR with staminodes incurved to tip may be mistaken for B. jolonensis.
Synonyms: Brodiaea coronaria (Salisb.) Engl. var. kernensis Hoover; Brodiaea elegans Hoover var. australis Hoover
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston
Reference: Preston 2013 Systematic Botany 38:1012--1028
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis

botanical illustration including Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis

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Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston 2019, Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 7, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=49463, accessed on June 30, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on June 30, 2022.

Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
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© 2010 Neal Kramer
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2010 Chris Winchell
Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse

More photos of Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Brodiaea terrestris subsp. kernensis:
s SNF, Teh, se SnJV, TR, PR.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).