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Vascular Plants of California
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Tiquilia plicata
FAN-LEAVED TIQUILIA


Higher Taxonomy
Family: EhretiaceaeView Description 
Common Name: EHRETIA FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb to shrub [tree], hairy to glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate, entire to crenate [dissected], petiolate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: axillary [terminal] cymes or flowers 1, sometimes congested. Flower: bisexual [unisexual, plants dioecious], generally radial; calyx lobes 5, fused or free to base; corolla lobes 5, fused, generally rotate or bell-shaped to urn-shaped; stamens 5, epipetalous, generally exserted; ovary superior, generally subtended by disk-like nectary, chambers 1--4, style terminal, 2-branched, stigma club-shaped or head-shaped. Fruit: generally separating into two 2-seeded drupe-like units, four 1-seeded drupe-like units, or four nutlets.
Genera In Family: 7 genera, +- 150 species; worldwide distribution, especially in tropics and subtropics. Note: Included in Boraginaceae in TJM2 and some other treatments (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group IV 2016 Bot J Linn Soc 181:1--20) but treated as separate family by Boraginales Working Group (Luebert et al. 2016). Lennoaceae nested within Ehretiaceae in some molecular phylogenetic analyses.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael G. Simpson
Genus: TiquiliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual to subshrub, variously hairy, glandular or not; +- taprooted, rhizome generally 0. Stem: prostrate. Leaf: cauline, generally clustered, evergreen, petioled, margin rolled under, entire or +- crenate. Inflorescence: +- axillary; flowers 1 or clustered, sessile. Flower: radial to +- bilateral; calyx lobes 5, not enlarged in fruit; corolla generally +- funnel-shaped, tube yellow in youth, appendages 0; style 2-lobed, stigmas 2. Fruit: nutlets 1--4, not separate to base, 4-grooved to deep-4-lobed, +- tubercled or not.
Species In Genus: 27 species: western hemisphere deserts. Etymology: (Native South American name for flower)
Unabridged Note: Separated from Coldenia of eastern hemisphere prior to TJM (1993).
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley
Unabridged Reference: Richardson 1977 Rhodora 79:467--572
Tiquilia plicata (Torr.) A.T. Richardson
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb, not woody, matted; rhizomed. Stem: branches opposite, +- glandular. Leaf: clustered, white-canescent; blade 3--12 mm, obovate to wide-ovate, margin entire, lateral veins 4--7 pairs, deeply sunken. Inflorescence: flowers clustered in leaf axils; bracts 0. Flower: calyx 2--3 mm, lobes +- free, hairs within long; corolla 4--6 mm, 2--3 mm diam, blue to lavender; style > calyx, branched 1/2--4/5. Fruit: deeply 4-lobed; nutlets ovoid, smooth, shiny. Chromosomes: n=8.
Ecology: Dunes, sandy gravel flats; Elevation: < 1100 m. Bioregional Distribution: D; Distribution Outside California: western Arizona, southern Nevada, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
Synonyms: Coldenia plicata (Torr.) Coville
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald B. Kelley
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Tiquilia palmeri
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Botanical illustration including Tiquilia plicata

botanical illustration including Tiquilia plicata

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald B. Kelley 2021, Tiquilia plicata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 9, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=46670, accessed on May 24, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on May 24, 2022.

Tiquilia plicata
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© 2013 Neal Kramer
Tiquilia plicata
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Tiquilia plicata
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Tiquilia plicata
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© 2004 California Academy of Sciences
Tiquilia plicata
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Tiquilia plicata
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© 2010 Neal Kramer

More photos of Tiquilia plicata in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Tiquilia plicata:
D
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).