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Vascular Plants of California
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Streptanthella longirostris


Higher Taxonomy
Family: Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: MUSTARD FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1--many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
Genera In Family: +- 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central NCoR, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in SCo, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in PR, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern NCoRO, CCo. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: StreptanthellaView Description 



Etymology: (Latin: small Streptanthus)
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
Streptanthella longirostris (S. Watson) Rydb.
NATIVE
Habit: Annual; generally glaucous, glabrous or hairy proximally. Stem: (1.2)2--6(7.5) dm. Leaf: proximal cauline 2--5.5(6.5) cm, lanceolate to oblanceolate; distal cauline linear, sessile, entire. Flower: sepals erect, 2--4(5) mm, lateral pair base +- sac-like; petals (3.5)4--6(7) mm, 0.7--1.1 mm wide, spoon-shaped, crinkled, clawed, white to +- yellow, purple-veined; stamens 4 long, 2 short. Fruit: silique, dehiscent except near tip, (2.5)3.5--6(7) cm, 1.5--2(2.2) mm wide, linear, flat parallel to septum, unsegmented, tip narrowed to beak (2)3.5--6(8) mm; stigma entire; pedicel recurved to reflexed, (1)2--5(7). Seed: (12)16--28(34), in 1 row, 2--3 mm, flat; wing 0.3--0.7 mm wide. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Common in sandy soils, desert scrub, woodland, slopes, chaparral; Elevation: 50--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SnJV, SCoRI, GB, D; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, Colorado, New Mexico, Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Unabridged Synonyms: Streptanthella longirostris var. derelicta J.T. Howell
Jepson eFlora Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Streptanthella longirostrisbotanical illustration including Streptanthella longirostris


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Citation for this treatment: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz 2012, Streptanthella longirostris, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=45704, accessed on July 14, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on July 14, 2024.

Streptanthella longirostris
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©2009 Thomas Stoughton
Streptanthella longirostris
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©2004 James M. Andre
Streptanthella longirostris
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©2009 Thomas Stoughton
Streptanthella longirostris
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©2009 Aaron Schusteff
Streptanthella longirostris
click for image enlargement
©2009 Thomas Stoughton

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Geographic subdivisions for Streptanthella longirostris:
s SnJV, SCoRI, GB, D
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map of distribution 1

(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurrence).






 

Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.

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CCH collections by month Flowering-Fruiting Monthly Counts

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).