Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Staphylea bolanderi

Higher Taxonomy
Family: StaphyleaceaeView Description 
Habit: [Perennial herb], shrub, tree; [some monoecious or dioecious]. Leaf: generally opposite, pinnately compound, generally stipuled; leaflets generally toothed. Inflorescence: panicle [raceme], drooping. Flower: radial; sepals 5, free or fused at base, often petal-like; petals 5, free; stamens 5, alternate petals, often attached to disk; ovary superior, chambers 2--4, each with 1--12 ovules in 2 rows. Fruit: generally inflated capsule with open top [follicles, drupe, berry]. Seed: generally 1--2 per chamber.
Genera In Family: 5 genera, 50--60 species: northern temperate, Asia, Central America, South America; some cultivated for showy fruit (Staphylea), timber (Turpinia). Note: Most closely related to Crossosomataceae, Stachyuraceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & James R. Shevock
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: StaphyleaView Description 

Leaf: deciduous; leaflets generally 3. Flower: petals white or pink. Fruit: bladdery, deeply 3-lobed, pendent. Seed: spheric, light brown.
Etymology: (Greek: cluster, from inflorescence)
Staphylea bolanderi A. Gray
Habit: Shrub, small tree, 2--6 m, glabrous. Leaf: leaflets 2.5--6 cm, widely ovate to round, finely serrate. Inflorescence: generally appearing before or with leaves. Flower: sepals 8--10 mm, white; petals 10--12 mm, white; stamens well exserted. Fruit: 2.5--5 cm, prominently horned. Seed: 5--7 mm, +- obovoid, light brown, smooth.
Ecology: Wooded or shrubby slopes; Elevation: 240--1720 m. Bioregional Distribution: e KR, CaR, c&s SN. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Jepson eFlora Author: Robert E. Preston & James R. Shevock
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Staphylea bolanderi

botanical illustration including Staphylea bolanderi

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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & James R. Shevock 2012, Staphylea bolanderi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 01, 2023.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2023, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 01, 2023.

Staphylea bolanderi
click for enlargement
©2010 Barry Breckling
Staphylea bolanderi
click for enlargement
©2010 Barry Breckling
Staphylea bolanderi
click for enlargement
©2010 Barry Breckling
Staphylea bolanderi
click for enlargement
©2010 Barry Breckling
Staphylea bolanderi
click for enlargement
©2011 Barry Breckling

More photos of Staphylea bolanderi
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Staphylea bolanderi:
e KR, CaR, c&s SN.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).