Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Sparganium eurycarpum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: TyphaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous; monoecious; rhizomes or stolons long; colonial, in wet soil to aquatic. Stem: aerial stem 1, +- cylindric. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate, 2-ranked, spongy; sheath open; ligule 0; blade +- linear. Inflorescence: spike-like or of spheric, unisexual heads; staminate flowers or heads distal to pistillate ones. Flower: small, densely-packed. Staminate Flower: filaments fused proximally. Pistillate Flower: pistil 1, ovary superior, ovules 1--2(4). Fruit: follicle, splitting in water, or drupe-like.
Genera In Family: 2 genera, +- 32 species: worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: S. Galen Smith
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: SparganiumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUR-REED
Habit: Plants generally submerged except inflorescence, or vegetative when all-submerged (emergent to +- terrestrial); rhizomes, stolons slender. Stem: unbranched proximal to inflorescence. Leaf: blade flat to convex, 3-sided, or abaxially keeled. Inflorescence: heads axillary and terminal, 2--60+; bracts leaf-like, distal reduced. Staminate Flower: stamens 2--8. Pistillate Flower: ovary chambers 1--2(4), stigmas generally 1(2--4). Fruit: drupe-like, spongy; perianth parts attached, style and generally stigmas persistent as beak; floating, water-dispersed.
Etymology: (Probably Greek: swaddling band, for strap-shaped leaves) Note: Fruit head diam including fruit beaks; fruit body lengths except beak, stalk-like base; beak lengths including stigmas.
Reference: Kaul 2000 FNANM 22:271--277
Unabridged Reference: Cook & Nicholls 1986 Bot Helv 96:213--267, 1987 Bot Helv 97:1--44
Sparganium eurycarpum Engelm. ex A. Gray
Habit: Plants robust, erect, emergent to +- terrestrial, not aquatic, to +- 2.5 m. Leaf: blades thick to thin, 3-angled proximally, flat or keeled distally. Inflorescence: main axis branches (0)1--4, heads >= 2 per branch; staminate heads +- 10--60; pistillate heads (1)2--8, 1.5--3 cm diam in fruit. Flower: perianth parts dark-thickened distally; stigmas > 1 on 5--100% of pistillate flowers, 3--4 mm. Fruit: body 5--9 mm, 3--7 mm wide, obconic, 3--6-angled, base not stalk-like, tip +- truncate to hemispheric, beak 1--4 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=30.
Note: Varieties intergrade where distributions overlap.
Unabridged Note: Closely related to variable Old World Sparganium erectum sensu lato.
Jepson eFlora Author: S. Galen Smith
Reference: Kaul 2000 FNANM 22:271--277
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: S. Galen Smith 2012, Sparganium eurycarpum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 07, 2023.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2023, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 07, 2023.

Sparganium eurycarpum
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© 2014 Aaron Schusteff
Sparganium eurycarpum
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Sparganium eurycarpum var. eurycarpum
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Sparganium eurycarpum
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Sparganium eurycarpum
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Sparganium eurycarpum var. eurycarpum
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© 2004 Janell Hillman

More photos of Sparganium eurycarpum var. eurycarpum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Sparganium eurycarpum:
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).