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Vascular Plants of California
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Sesuvium verrucosum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AizoaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1--many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1--20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0--20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1--many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
Genera In Family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. Note: Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California.
Unabridged Note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, +- smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, +- black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Nancy J. Vivrette, John Bleck & Wayne R. Ferren, Jr., family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SesuviumView Description 

Habit: [Annual] perennial herb [shrub], glabrous, generally papillate. Stem: prostrate to erect, forming mats < 2 m diam; nodes rooting or not. Leaf: opposite, generally < 6 cm; stipule 0; petiole base generally wide with scarious margins; blade linear to ovate, entire. Inflorescence: 1-flowered [cyme]; bracts 0 or 2. Flower: hypanthium obconic; sepals generally hooded near tip, +- red adaxially; petals 0; stamens [1]30, often fused at base; ovary 1/2-inferior, chambers 2--5, placentas axile, styles (2)3--5, papillate. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile, ovoid to conic, thin-walled. Seed: many, +- reniform, generally smooth, shiny, black or brown, arilled.

eFlora Treatment Author: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
Sesuvium verrucosum Raf.
Habit: Branched from base, minute-papillate. Stem: many, < 9 dm; nodes not rooting. Leaf: 0.5--4 cm, linear to widely spoon-shaped; base clasping stem. Inflorescence: axillary; pedicel 0 or short. Flower: sepals 4--10 mm, hooded, beaked, or both near or at tip, abaxially papillate, margins scarious; filaments fused to midlength, +- red. Fruit: 4--5 mm. Seed: 0.8--1 mm, smooth.
Ecology: Uncommon. Moist or seasonally dry flats, margins of generally saline wetlands; Elevation: < 1400 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, GV, SCoRO, SCo, WTR, PR, GB, D; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Kansas, South America. Flowering Time: Apr--Nov
Jepson eFlora Author: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr.
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Sesuvium verrucosum

botanical illustration including Sesuvium verrucosum

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Citation for this treatment: Wayne R. Ferren, Jr. 2012, Sesuvium verrucosum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 22, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 22, 2024.

Sesuvium verrucosum
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©2003 John Game
Sesuvium verrucosum
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©2004 James M. Andre
Sesuvium verrucosum
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©2013 Neal Kramer
Sesuvium verrucosum
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©2013 Neal Kramer
Sesuvium verrucosum
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©2004 James M. Andre

More photos of Sesuvium verrucosum
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Sesuvium verrucosum:
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).