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Vascular Plants of California
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Salpichroa origanifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SolanaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla +- radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2--5-chambered.
Genera In Family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially +- tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia). Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SalpichroaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb from rhizome. Leaf: fleshy, entire. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils. Flower: calyx deeply lobed; corolla lobes < tube; stamens +- included, anthers converging toward style, oblong; style 1, thread-like, stigma head-like. Fruit: berry, fleshy. Seed: many, compressed.
Species In Genus: 15 species: South America, especially Andes. Etymology: (Greek: trumpet color)
Salpichroa origanifolia (Lam.) Baill.
Habit: Plant < 2 m, decumbent to climbing, hairy. Leaf: 10--35 mm; petiole 5--10 mm; blade widely elliptic to ovate, +- glabrous. Inflorescence: pedicel 3--14 mm. Flower: calyx lobes 2--3 mm; corolla urn-shaped, white or +- green, with a densely woolly ring adaxially, lobes 2--3 mm, triangular; anthers 1.5--2 mm, +- exserted; disk below ovary, brick-red. Fruit: 10--15 mm, ovoid, white or pale yellow, ill-smelling. Chromosomes: n=12.
Ecology: Disturbed places; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, w CW, SCo; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, northern Mexico; Europe; native to South America. Flowering Time: Jul--Oct
Synonyms: Salpichroa rhomboidea (Gillies & Hook.) Miers
Jepson eFlora Author: Michael H. Nee
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2012, Salpichroa origanifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 25, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 25, 2022.

No expert verified images found for Salpichroa origanifolia.

Geographic subdivisions for Salpichroa origanifolia:
NCo, w CW, SCo
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).