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Vascular Plants of California
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Prosartes hookeri

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ProsartesView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Rhizome slender, creeping to +- erect. Stem: erect, branched, scaly below, leafy above, hairs 0 or generally sharp-branched, generally not glandular, some or all falling in age. Leaf: alternate, sessile to +- clasping, (ob)ovate to elliptic, acute to acuminate, base +- oblique, cordate to acute, main veins >=3, converging. Inflorescence: umbel-like, terminal; flowers 1--7, pendent. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, free, white to +- green, bases green, generally convex; stamens 6, free, anthers generally < filaments, generally oblong, generally glabrous; ovary superior, chambers (1)3, style slender, stigma entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: berry, orange to red. Seed: white to pale yellow.
Etymology: (Greek: to append, from pendulous ovules of type sp.)
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael R. Mesler & Robin Bencie
Reference: Mesler et al. 2010 Madroño 52:129--135
Prosartes hookeri Torr.
Habit: Stem, leaf margin, pedicel hairy or not, nonglandular. Stem: 30--80 cm. Leaf: 3--15 cm; abaxially minute-scabrous, especially on veins, margin hairs many, short, sharp, ascending. Inflorescence: flowers 1--3. Flower: +- funnel-shaped, tube +- cylindric; perianth parts 8--18 mm, +- spreading at middle; filaments spreading, anthers generally exserted, glabrous or minute-sharp-bristly, +- wavy when open; ovary weakly 3-sided, style glabrous or +- hairy. Fruit: 7--12 mm, +- spheric, red; seeds generally > 3.
Ecology: Montane conifer, mixed-evergreen forest, exposed roadsides; Elevation: < 1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaRH, SN, CW; Distribution Outside California: to western Canada, Montana. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Disporum hookeri (Torr.) G. Nicholson; Disporum hookeri var. trachyandrum (Torr.) Q. Jones; Prosartes hookeri var. hookeri; Prosartes hookeri var. trachyandra (Torr.) Kartesz
Jepson eFlora Author: Michael R. Mesler & Robin Bencie
Reference: Mesler et al. 2010 Madroño 52:129--135
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Prosartes hookeri

botanical illustration including Prosartes hookeri


Citation for this treatment: Michael R. Mesler & Robin Bencie 2012, Prosartes hookeri, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 26, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 26, 2022.

Prosartes hookeri
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Prosartes hookeri
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© 2010 Barry Breckling
Prosartes hookeri
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Prosartes hookeri
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Prosartes hookeri
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Prosartes hookeri
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© 2008 Steve Matson

More photos of Prosartes hookeri in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Prosartes hookeri:
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).