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Vascular Plants of California
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Pelargonium vitifolium


Higher Taxonomy
Family: GeraniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: GERANIUM FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, or +- woody, generally glandular-hairy. Leaf: simple to compound, basal and cauline; cauline alternate or opposite, stipules 2, +- on stem. Inflorescence: cyme or pseudo-umbel or 1--2-flowered. Flower: bisexual [unisexual], radial or +- bilateral; sepals 5, free, overlapping in bud; petals generally 5, free, generally with nectar glands at base; stamens generally 5,10[15]; staminodes scale-like or 0; ovary generally 5-lobed, upper part elongating into beak in fruit, chambers 5, placentas axile, style 1, stigmas 5, free, persistent in fruit. Fruit: septicidal [loculicidal], mericarps 5, dry, generally 1-seeded, each persistent on 1 of 5 linear segments of beak that separate from central column by curving or coiling upward.
Genera In Family: 6 genera, +- 750 species: temperate, +- tropics. Some cultivated for ornamental, perfume oils.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carlos Aedo, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PelargoniumView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: GARDEN GERANIUM
Habit: Annual, generally perennial herb, shrub, aromatic or strong-smelling. Stem: generally erect. Leaf: alternate to +- opposite above; blade lobed to dissected, lobes generally crenate or serrate. Inflorescence: umbel, dense to open; flowers 3--many. Flower: +- bilateral [(radial)], nectary 1, deeply embedded into receptacle to form spur fused with pedicel; petals +- equal to strongly unequal, generally striped or marked, upper 2 generally > lower 3, different in shape, position, generally with marks of different and/or more intense color; fertile stamens 1--7, united at base. Fruit: body dehiscent, generally oblong, base acute, 1-seeded; beak segments stiff-hairy adaxially.
Species In Genus: +- 300 species: southern Africa, St. Helena, Asia Minor, Madagascar, Australia. Etymology: (Greek: stork, from beaked fruit) Note: Pelargonium ×domesticum, cultivated but evidently not escaped in California; Pelargonium quercifolium (L.) L'Hér., urban weed.
eFlora Treatment Author: Piet Vorster
Reference: Bakker et al. 2005 in Bakker et al. (eds.) Pl Species-Level Syst:75--100. A.R.G. Gantner
Unabridged Reference: Bakker, F. T., Culham, A., Hettiarachi, P., Touloumenidou, T., & Gibby, M. 2004. Phylogeny of Pelargonium (Geraniaceae) based on DNA sequences from three genomes. Taxon 53: 17--28; Bakker, F. T., Culham, A., Marais, E. M., & Gibby, M. 2005. Nested radiation in Cape Pelargonium. Pp. 75--100, in Bakker, F. T., Chatrou, L. W., Gravendeel, B., & Pelser, P. B. (eds), Plant Species-Level Systematics: New Perspectives on Pattern and Process. A.R.G. Gantner, Ruggel, Liechtenstein. [Regnum Vegetabile vol. 143.]; Van der Walt 1985 Bothalia 15:345--385, 1977 Pelargoniums of Southern Africa vol. 1; Van der Walt & Vorster 1981 Pelargoniums of Southern Africa vol. 2; Van der Walt & Vorster 1988 Pelargoniums of Southern Africa vol. 3
Pelargonium vitifolium (L.) L'Hér.
WAIF
Habit: Shrub, erect; hairs soft. Stem: < 1 m, > 3 mm diam, branches soft-woody. Leaf: blade +- 6 cm, +- 8 cm wide, wider than long, cordate, not sticky, 3--5-lobed, lobes coarsely, irregularly toothed; margins of lower not curled. Inflorescence: dense; flowers 3--12. Flower: 15--18 mm wide; sepals 10--12 mm; petals +- 12 mm, light to rose-pink.
Ecology: Disturbed sites; Elevation: < 300 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo; Distribution Outside California: native to southern Africa. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug
Jepson eFlora Author: Piet Vorster
Reference: Bakker et al. 2005 in Bakker et al. (eds.) Pl Species-Level Syst:75--100. A.R.G. Gantner
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Citation for this treatment: Piet Vorster 2012, Pelargonium vitifolium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=36673, accessed on May 08, 2021.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2021, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on May 08, 2021.

Pelargonium vitifolium
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Pelargonium vitifolium
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Pelargonium vitifolium
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Pelargonium vitifolium
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer

More photos of Pelargonium vitifolium in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Pelargonium vitifolium:
NCo, CCo
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).