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Vascular Plants of California
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Narcissus pseudonarcissus

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AmaryllidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, +- fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, +- tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] +- fused, radial or not; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, +- united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 800 species.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: NarcissusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Bulb ovoid. Leaf: (1)several, +- linear, flat. Inflorescence: umbel-like, 1--20-flowered; bract 1, membranous or +- papery. Flower: pedicelled or not, generally fragrant; perianth parts fused below, reflexed to erect above, crown a conspicuous tube; stamens free from, generally included in crown; style 1, stigma minutely 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, papery to leathery. Seed: many, black.
Species In Genus: +- 26 species: Europe, northern Africa, Asia. Etymology: (Greek: mythological youth who falls in love with his own reflection and is changed into a flower) Note: Extreme variation in perianth color from long history of cultivation; only most common colors indicated here. Plants with perianth parts, crown generally white belong to Narcissus papyraceus Ker Gawl., reported (but evidently not documented) for California in FNANM, similar to, possibly same sp. as, Narcissus tazetta.
Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
Habit: Bulb 2--5 cm, 3--4 cm wide, coats pale brown. Stem: 25--50 cm. Leaf: 4, 20--45 cm, flat, glaucous. Inflorescence: bract 2--3 cm, pale brown, papery. Flower: fragrant; perianth 5--7 cm wide, tube 1.5--2 cm, abruptly tapered to base, parts erect to spreading, often twisted, oblanceolate, yellow, acute, crown 1--1.5 cm wide, yellow, ruffled.
Ecology: Disturbed places; Elevation: < 350 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, ScV, CCo; Distribution Outside California: to Washington, eastern United States; Europe, western Asia, northern Africa. Flowering Time: Spring Note: Highly variable, long cultivated.
Jepson eFlora Author: Dale W. McNeal
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Narcissus pseudonarcissus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 27, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 27, 2022.

Narcissus pseudonarcissus
click for enlargement
© 2013 Gary A. Monroe
Narcissus pseudonarcissus
click for enlargement
© 2013 Gary A. Monroe
Narcissus pseudonarcissus
click for enlargement
© 2013 Gary A. Monroe

More photos of Narcissus pseudonarcissus in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Narcissus pseudonarcissus:
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).