Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Muilla maritima

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]; daughter corms formed at stem base above corm of previous year, cormlets formed at base of corms or on short stolons. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 13 genera, 70--80 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: MuillaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Leaf: 1--10, basal, linear. Inflorescence: scape 3--50 cm; bracts several, papery, acuminate; pedicels slender, not jointed, erect. Flower: perianth parts +- free at base, not forming obvious tube, lobes spreading, generally equal, lanceolate or oblong, white to green-white or +- blue; stamens 6, filaments thread-like to dilated, occasionally overlapped or fused but not forming cup, anthers attached at middle; style short, club-shaped, persistent, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: +- spheric, 3-angled. Seed: irregularly angled, black.
Species In Genus: 3 species: southwestern United States, northern Mexico. Etymology: (Anagram of Allium, from superficial resemblance) Note: Muilla clevelandii moved to Bloomeria.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires
Reference: Shevock 1984 Aliso 10:621--627
Unabridged Reference: Ingram 1953 Madroño 12:19--27; Lenz 1975 Aliso 8:259--262
Muilla maritima (Torr.) S. Watson
Leaf: 3--10, 10--60 cm. Inflorescence: scape 10--50 cm; pedicels 10--50 mm; flowers 4--70. Flower: perianth lobes 3--6 mm, green-white, midveins +- brown; stamens 2--5 mm, filaments thread-like or wider at base but not dilated, anthers green, blue, or purple. Fruit: 5--8 mm. Chromosomes: n=7,8,10.
Ecology: Coastal scrub, grassland, woodland, valleys; Elevation: < 2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoR, GV, CW, SW (exc ChI), w D; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Bloomeria maritima (Torr.) J.F. Macbr.; Bloomeria maritima var. serotina (Greene) J.F. Macbr.; Hesperoscordum maritimum Torr.; Milla maritima (Torr.) S. Watson; Muilla serotina Greene; Muilla tenuis Congdon
Unabridged Note: JEPS17645, UC119714, UC565350, if verified, would voucher central SNF. POM291274, if verified, would voucher southern SNF, JEPS91192 and UC1561103, if verified, would voucher Teh.
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Chris Pires
Reference: Shevock 1984 Aliso 10:621--627
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Muilla maritima

botanical illustration including Muilla maritima


Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires 2012, Muilla maritima, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, /eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=34146, accessed on March 29, 2020.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2020, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 29, 2020.

Muilla maritima
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Muilla maritima
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© 2004 George W. Hartwell
Muilla maritima
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© 2015 Keir Morse
Muilla maritima
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© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Muilla maritima
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© 2014 Steve Matson
Muilla maritima
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Muilla maritima in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Muilla maritima:
NCoR, GV, CW, SW (exc ChI), w D
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).