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Vascular Plants of California
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Montia parvifolia


Higher Taxonomy
Family: MontiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: MINER'S LETTUCE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy. Stem: 1--many, generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2--19, free or +- fused; stamens 1--many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1--many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1--8, generally fused at base, branched. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2--3-valved. Seed: 1--many, shiny or +- pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
Genera In Family: +- 22 genera, +- 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Europe, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, southern Africa, poorly represented in Europe; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). Note: All CA genera previously included in Portulacaceae; details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification.
Unabridged Note: May include Hectorellaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MontiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual, perennial herb, glabrous, +- fleshy, +- aquatic or not, matted or not. Leaf: cauline > 2, alternate or opposite, free, entire. Inflorescence: raceme, 1-sided; lowest flower generally bracted; pedicel recurved, erect in fruit. Flower: petals (3)5, equal or 2 larger, white to pink; stamens (3)5, epipetalous; ovary chamber 1, placentas basal, style 1, stigmas 3. Fruit: valves 3, margins rolled in, forcibly expelling seeds. Seed: 1--3, generally black, smooth to tubercled, appendaged or not.
Species In Genus: 12 species: Worldwide. Etymology: (Giuseppe Monti, Italian botanist, 1682--1760) Note: Sometimes divided into 9 genera.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Kenton L. Chambers
Reference: Heenan 2007 New Zealand J Bot 45:437--439
Unabridged Reference: Miller 2003 FNANM 4:485--488; Moore 1963 Bot Not 116:16--30
Montia parvifolia (DC.) Greene
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb 5--40 cm; stolon branched, matted, creeping, tips in age erect, densely leafy. Leaf: basal 15--60 mm, narrowly oblanceolate to widely ovate, often sessile, fleshy; leaves of stolons alternate, smaller, much reduced distally on stem, axils generally with easily detached bulblets. Inflorescence: terminal; 1+ flowers bracted; flowers 2--12. Flower: sepals 2--3.5 mm, obovate, obtuse; petals 7--15 mm, equal, pink or white; stamens 5. Fruit: 2--3 mm. Seed: 1--1.5 mm, generally +- smooth (or minute-netted); appendage 0 to << 0.2 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=22,44.
Ecology: Moist, rocky slopes, cliffs, creek banks, forest; Elevation: < 2600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Montana, Utah. Flowering Time: May--Jul Note: Highly variable; reproduces by bulblets as well as seeds.
Jepson eFlora Author: John M. Miller & Kenton L. Chambers
Reference: Heenan 2007 New Zealand J Bot 45:437--439
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Montia parvifolia

botanical illustration including Montia parvifolia

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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Kenton L. Chambers 2012, Montia parvifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, /eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=34001, accessed on February 19, 2020.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2020, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on February 19, 2020.

Montia parvifolia
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© 2016 Steve Matson
Montia parvifolia
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Montia parvifolia
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Montia parvifolia
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Montia parvifolia
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© 2009 Barry Breckling
Montia parvifolia
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© 2018 Neal Kramer

More photos of Montia parvifolia in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Montia parvifolia:
NW, CaR, SN, CCo, SnFrB
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).