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Vascular Plants of California
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Luma apiculata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MyrtaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: [Subshrub] shrub, tree, trunk bark smooth or scaly; glands 0 or embedded in epidermis. Leaf: opposite or alternate, persistent, generally glandular when young. Inflorescence: generally axillary, raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, parts in 4s, 5s, generally +- white; hypanthium exceeding ovary or not; stamens generally many; ovary [rarely superior to] inferior, 2--5(18)-chambered; placentas axillary, just below top, or basal, ovules few to many, generally in 2--many series. Fruit: berry, capsule, nut. Seed: 1--many; coat membranous to +- leathery or hard, bony; embryo starchy or oily (of great taxonomic importance).
Genera In Family: 100 genera, +- 3500 species: many species tropical America, Australasia, fewer Africa, southern Asia; economically important for timber (Eucalyptus), spices (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry, cloves; Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr., allspice), edible fruits (Psidium guajava L., guava; Acca sellowiana (O. Berg) Burret, pineapple guava), many orns (Eucalyptus, Melaleuca, several other genera). Note: Apparently of Gondwanan origins; tropics, subtropics, Mediterranean climates. Chamelaucium uncinatum Schauer, Luma apiculata (DC.) Burret, Melaleuca citrina (Curtis) Dum.Cours., Myrtus communis L., Syzygium australe (Link) B. Hyland are waifs.
eFlora Treatment Author: Leslie R. Landrum, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LumaView Description 

Habit: Shrub, small tree. Stem: erect; bark shed in flakes; trunk smooth. Leaf: opposite. Inflorescence: cyme, 3-flowered or flowers 1 in axils. Flower: hypanthium +- broadly vase-shaped; calyx lobes, petals 4, free; stamens many; ovary chambers 2, style 6--7 mm. Fruit: berry. Seed: (1)2--16, lenticular; coat membranous; cotyledons thin, planoconvex, +- = cylindric, embryonic stem.
Etymology: (Indigenous Chilean name for some Myrtaceae)
Reference: Lucas et al. 2005 Pl Syst Evol 251:35--51
Luma apiculata (DC.) Burret
Stem: 1.5--5(20) m, many-branched; trunk golden- to orange-brown, with +- white areas or not. Leaf: 1--4.5 cm, elliptic, +- round, or ovate, with a short, abrupt, flexible point, thinly leathery, dark green adaxially. Inflorescence: flowers generally 1 in axils. Flower: +- 12 mm wide; petals rounded, cream-white, pink-tinged, concave adaxially; stamens forming dense ring, < petals. Fruit: +- 12 mm wide, dark purple.
Ecology: Uncommon. Cool coastal, urban areas; Elevation: 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: CCo; Distribution Outside California: native to Chile, western Argentina. Note: Cultivated in California.
Synonyms: Eugenia apiculata DC.
Jepson eFlora Author: Leslie R. Landrum
Reference: Lucas et al. 2005 Pl Syst Evol 251:35--51
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Leslie R. Landrum 2012, Luma apiculata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 03, 2023.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2023, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 03, 2023.

No expert verified images found for Luma apiculata.

Geographic subdivisions for Luma apiculata:
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).