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Vascular Plants of California
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Lobularia maritima

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1--many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
Genera In Family: +- 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central NCoR, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in SCo, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in PR, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern NCoRO, CCo. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: LobulariaView Description 

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, occasionally subshrub; hairs 2-rayed, sessile, appressed. Leaf: entire, not lobed at base. Inflorescence: elongated. Flower: sepals spreading to erect, base not sac-like; petals wide-obovate to spoon-shaped, clawed, white to purple. Fruit: silicle, flat parallel to septum, unsegmented, dehiscent, round to obovate or elliptic; stigma entire. Seed: 2(4)[13], in 1 or 2 rows, winged or not.
Etymology: (Latin: small lobe, reference to fruit)
eFlora Treatment Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv.
Habit: Annual, perennial herb. Stem: erect to prostrate or decumbent, branched from base, 0.5--2.5(4) dm. Leaf: (1)1.6--2.5(4.2) cm, (1)2--3(7) mm wide, linear to lance-linear, acute. Flower: sepals 1.4--1.7(2) mm; petals (2)2.3--2.8(3) mm, widely obovate. Fruit: 2--2.7(4.2) mm, (1.2)1.5--2(2.9) mm wide, round-elliptic; style 0.4--0.5 mm; pedicel spreading to ascending, (3)4.5--6(10) mm. Seed: 1 per chamber, ovate to lens-shaped, 1--1.4(2) mm; wing 0. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Disturbed areas, fields; Elevation: < 600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo, SnFrB, SCo; Distribution Outside California: Canada, United States; native to Mediterranean, Europe. Flowering Time: Mar--Oct
Jepson eFlora Author: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
View the CDFA Pest Rating page for Lobularia maritima
Weed listed by Cal-IPC

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Botanical illustration including Lobularia maritimabotanical illustration including Lobularia maritima

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Citation for this treatment: Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz 2012, Lobularia maritima, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 20, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 20, 2024.

Lobularia maritima
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©2009 Thomas Stoughton
Lobularia maritima
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©2018 Aaron Schusteff
Lobularia maritima
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©2010 Thomas Stoughton
Lobularia maritima
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©2008 Neal Kramer
Lobularia maritima
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©2015 Barry Breckling

More photos of Lobularia maritima
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Lobularia maritima:
NCo, CCo, SnFrB, SCo
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map of distribution 1

(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurrence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.

View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month Flowering-Fruiting Monthly Counts

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).