Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |
| N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon

Leucojum aestivum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AmaryllidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb, generally from bulb, coat membranous. Stem: erect, generally cylindric, solid. Leaf: basal, sessile. Inflorescence: scapose, umbel-like or 1-flowered; bracts generally 2(8), conspicuous, +- fused. Flower: perianth often with a conspicuous, +- tubular crown, parts 6, in 2 whorls, petal-like, [free to] +- fused, radial or not; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, +- united, anthers attached at base; ovary inferior, chambers 3, each many-ovuled, style 1, stigmas 1 or 3. Fruit: generally capsule, dry, loculicidal, or fleshy berry.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 800 species.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LeucojumView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, bulb 8--45 mm. Stem: compressed, 2-winged. Leaf: several, to 10 cm, thread-like to broadly linear. Inflorescence: umbel-like, 1--7 flowered, appearing before leaves withered; bracts 1--2; pedicels 25--70 mm. Flower: nodding, perianth bell-shaped, crown 0. Fruit: +- fleshy, loculicidal. Seed: many, black.
Etymology: (Greek: white violet)
Reference: Lledo et al. 2004 Pl Syst Evol 246:223--243
Leucojum aestivum L.
Habit: Perennial herb, bulb 25--45 mm. Stem: (15)30--60 cm, stout, hollow. Inflorescence: 2--5(7)-flowered; bracts 2, free or fused along 1 side. Flower: perianth parts white, each with a green spot below thickened tip; stamens free, stigma unlobed.
Ecology: Garden escape in urban areas, persisting at old homesteads; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: GV, SCo, expected elsewhere; Distribution Outside California: eastern North America, other temperate areas; native to Europe. Flowering Time: Dec--Jun
Jepson eFlora Author: Dale W. McNeal
Reference: Lledo et al. 2004 Pl Syst Evol 246:223--243
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Leucojum
Next taxon: Narcissus

Name Search

Please use this Google Form for Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Leucojum aestivum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 12, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 12, 2024.

Leucojum aestivum
click for enlargement
©2011 Vernon Smith

More photos of Leucojum aestivum
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Leucojum aestivum:
GV, SCo, expected elsewhere
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).