Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Leucocrinum montanum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: AgavaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, fibrous succulent or not, from bulbs or rhizomes. Stem: above ground or not, branched or not. Leaf: simple, deciduous or not, basal or in terminal rosettes, generally sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, fibrous or not, thin and flexible or thick and rigid or succulent; margin entire, fine-serrate, dentate, or with filaments, tips rigid or flexible, with a spine or not. Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, filaments often wide, succulent; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, style 1 (thick, poorly defined), stigma head-like or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, indehiscent, loculicidal, or septicidal. Seed: few to many, +- flat or ovoid, generally black.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 637 species: worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LeucocrinumView Description 

Common Name: SAND LILY

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: white lily)
Reference: Pires et al. 2006 Aliso 22:287--304
Unabridged Reference: Reveal & Utech 2002 FNANM 26:217
Leucocrinum montanum Nutt. ex A. Gray.
Habit: Perennial herb from short, often deep caudex; roots fleshy. Stem: +- 0. Leaf: basal, spreading, 10--20 cm, linear, base sheathed by membranous bracts. Inflorescence: pedicels underground. Flower: 5--10 cm; perianth +- salverform, parts 6, fused into slender tube, petal-like, white, persistent, lobes 2--2.5 cm, +- oblong, spreading; stamens 6, attached near top of perianth tube, anthers 4--6 mm, linear; ovary underground, superior, chambers 3, style 1, persistent, stigma +- 3-lobed. Fruit: 5--8 mm, 3-angled, +- wrinkled, loculicidal. Seed: 3--4 mm, angled, black. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Sandy flats, sagebrush scrub, juniper woodland, montane forest; Elevation: 1000--1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, MP; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Nebraska, Utah. Flowering Time: May--Jun
Jepson eFlora Author: Dale W. McNeal
Reference: Pires et al. 2006 Aliso 22:287--304
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Leucocrinum montanum

botanical illustration including Leucocrinum montanum


Citation for this treatment: Dale W. McNeal 2012, Leucocrinum montanum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, /eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=30795, accessed on October 30, 2020.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2020, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 30, 2020.

Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 1984 Gary A. Monroe
Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences
Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 1984 Gary A. Monroe
Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 1989 Gary A. Monroe
Leucocrinum montanum
click for enlargement
© 2009 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Leucocrinum montanum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Leucocrinum montanum:
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).