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Lagurus ovatus

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Poaceae (Gramineae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to woody perennial herb; roots generally fibrous. Stem: generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid. Leaf: alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear, parallel-veined; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base. Inflorescence: various (of generally many spikelets). Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1--many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally +- transparent, +- enclosed by lemma. Flower: generally bisexual, minute; perianth vestigial; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose. Fruit: grain, sometimes achene- or utricle-like.
Genera In Family: 650--900 genera; +- 10550 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials). Note: Generally wind-pollinated. Achnatherum, Ampelodesmos, Hesperostipa, Nassella, Piptatherum, Piptochaetium, Ptilagrostis moved to Stipa; Elytrigia, Leymus, Pascopyrum, Pseudoroegneria, Taeniatherum to Elymus; Hierochloe to Anthoxanthum; Lolium, Vulpia to Festuca; Lycurus to Muhlenbergia; Monanthochloe to Distichlis; Pleuraphis to Hilaria; Rhynchelytrum to Melinis. The following taxa (in genera not included here), recorded in California from historical collections or reported in literature, are extirpated, lacking vouchers, or not considered naturalized: Acrachne racemosa (Roth) Ohwi, Allolepis texana (Vasey) Soderstr. & H.F. Decker, Amphibromus nervosus (Hook. f.) Baill., Axonopus affinis Chase, Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm., Coix lacryma-jobi L., Cutandia memphitica (Spreng.) K. Richt., Dinebra retroflexa (Vahl) Panz., Eremochloa ciliaris (L.) Merr., Eustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nees, Gaudinia fragilis (L.) P. Beauv., Miscanthus sinensis Andersson, Neyraudia arundinacea (L.) Henrard, Phyllostachys aurea Rivière & C. Rivière, Phyllostachys bambusoides Siebold & Zuccarini, Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) Clayton, Schedonnardus paniculatus (Nutt.) Branner & Coville, Schizachyrium cirratum (Hack.) Wooton & Standl., Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash, Themeda quadrivalvis (L.) Kuntze, Thysanolaena latifolia (Hornem.) Honda, Tribolium obliterum (Hemsl.) Renvoize, Zea mays L., Zizania palustris L. var. interior (Fassett) Dore, Zoysia japonica Steud. Paspalum pubiflorum E. Fourn., Paspalum quadrifarium Lam., are now reported for southern California (J Bot Res Inst Texas 4:761--770). See Glossary p. 30 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
eFlora Treatment Author: James P. Smith, Jr., except as noted
Scientific Editor: James P. Smith, Jr., J. Travis Columbus, Dieter H. Wilken.
Genus: LagurusView Description 


Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: hare tail, from densely hairy inflorescence)
eFlora Treatment Author: James P. Smith, Jr.
Reference: Tucker 2007 FNANM 24:669--670
Lagurus ovatus L.
Habit: Annual, tufted, soft-hairy. Stem: ascending to erect, generally 10--50 cm, hairy. Leaf: basal and cauline; sheath inflated, loosely surrounding stem; ligule membranous, truncate, densely hairy; blade 2--10 cm, 3--10 mm wide, flat. Inflorescence: terminal, 1.5--3 cm, ovoid to +- cylindric, dense, hairy; spikelets generally subsessile. Spikelet: 7--10 mm (except awns), laterally compressed; glumes equal, > floret, narrowly lanceolate, soft-hairy to plumose, long-tapered; axis breaking apart above glumes, prolonged beyond floret; floret 1; lemma 3.5--4.5 mm, back glabrous, base puberulent, faintly 5-veined, awns 3, 2 from tip 1--2(6) mm, slender, 1 from lemma back generally 8--22 mm, +- stiff, bent; palea +- = lemma. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Disturbed places; Elevation: generally < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo (Humboldt Co.), ScV, CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: Oregon, Canada, eastern United States, New Mexico; native to Mediterranean. Flowering Time: May--Jul Note: Cult for ornamental, dried arrangements.
Jepson eFlora Author: James P. Smith, Jr.
Reference: Tucker 2007 FNANM 24:669--670
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Lagurus ovatus

botanical illustration including Lagurus ovatus


Citation for this treatment: James P. Smith, Jr. 2012, Lagurus ovatus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, /eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=30144, accessed on February 26, 2020.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2020, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 26, 2020.

Lagurus ovatus
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Lagurus ovatus
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson
Lagurus ovatus
click for enlargement
© 2015 Neal Kramer
Lagurus ovatus
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Lagurus ovatus
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Lagurus ovatus
click for enlargement
© 2004 Steve Matson

More photos of Lagurus ovatus in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Lagurus ovatus:
NCo (Humboldt Co.), ScV, CCo, SnFrB
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).