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Vascular Plants of California
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Goodyera oblongifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrchidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb, terrestrial [growing on other pls], non-green (nutrition from association of roots with fungi) or green, generally from rhizomes or tubers with few to many fleshy to slender roots; cauline leaves +- reduced to sheathing stem bracts or not. Leaf: 1--many, basal to cauline, linear to +- round, alternate to opposite (if only 1 pair), generally sessile. Inflorescence: flowers 1--many, spike or raceme, bracted. Flower: bisexual, bilateral, in bud generally rotating 180° by twisting ovary (position of parts indicated after twisting); sepals generally 3, generally free, generally petal-like, uppermost generally erect, lateral with chin- or spur-like projection (mentum) or not; petals 3, 1 (lip) different, spurred or not; stamens generally 1 (3 in Cypripedium, 2 functional, 1 a staminode), fused with style, stigma into column, pollen generally lumped, generally removed as unit by insect; ovary inferior, 1-chambered, placentas 3, parietal, stigma 3 lobed, generally under column tip. Fruit: capsule. Seed: many, minute.
Genera In Family: +- 800 genera, +- 25000 species: especially tropics (worldwide except Antarctica). Many cultivated for ornament, especially Cattleya, Cymbidium, Epidendrum, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum; Vanilla planifolia Andrews fruits used to flavor food. Note: Platanthera may be paraphyletic without inclusion of Piperia (Bateman et al. 2009 Ann Bot 104:431--445); study needed.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald A. Coleman, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GoodyeraView Description 

Habit: Rhizomes slender. Stem: +- scapose. Leaf: basal, in rosettes, evergreen, blades tapered to base, white-veined to -mottled or not. Inflorescence: +- 1-sided or flowers spiralled; bracts leaf-like, flower bract +- = flower. Flower: sepals +- equal, upper adherent to lateral petals, forming hood +- enclosing column and lip, lower spreading to reflexed; lip proximally +- pouch-like [concave], distally deeply grooved. Fruit: ascending to erect.
Etymology: (John Goodyer, English botanist, 1592--1664)
Reference: Ackerman 1975 Madroño 23:191--198
Goodyera oblongifolia Raf.
Habit: Plant 18--35 cm. Leaf: 4--9 cm, lanceolate to wide-elliptic. Inflorescence: dense; bracts 7--11 mm, generally < flowers. Flower: sepals green-brown, upper 6--11 mm, lower 5--9 mm; corolla white, lip 6--10 mm; column 3--5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=22,30.
Ecology: Dry to mesic conifer forest, in decomposing leaf litter; Elevation: < 2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN (exc Teh), CW, MP; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, eastern North America, Mexico. Flowering Time: May--Sep
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings
Reference: Ackerman 1975 Madroño 23:191--198
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Goodyera oblongifolia

botanical illustration including Goodyera oblongifolia

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings 2012, Goodyera oblongifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 24, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 24, 2024.

Goodyera oblongifolia
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©2009 Keir Morse
Goodyera oblongifolia
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©2015 Neal Kramer
Goodyera oblongifolia
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©2013 Barry Rice
Goodyera oblongifolia
click for enlargement
©2013 Barry Rice
Goodyera oblongifolia
click for enlargement
©2015 Neal Kramer

More photos of Goodyera oblongifolia
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Geographic subdivisions for Goodyera oblongifolia:
NW, CaR, SN (exc Teh), CW, MP
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).