Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Gentiana plurisetosa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GentianaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to perennial herb [to trees]. Stem: decumbent to erect, < 2 m, simple or branched. Leaf: simple, cauline, sometimes also basal, opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal +- petioled; stipules 0. Flower: bisexual, radial, parts in 4s or 5s except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, +- persistent, sinus between lobes often unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding, stigmas 1--2. Fruit: capsule, 2-valved. Seed: many.
Genera In Family: +- 90 genera, 1800 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma, Exacum, Gentiana). Note: Gentianella tenella moved to Comastoma. Key to genera revised by Bruce G. Baldwin.
eFlora Treatment Author: James S. Pringle, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GentianaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: GENTIAN
Habit: Annual to perennial herb, generally glabrous. Stem: generally simple below inflorescence. Leaf: cauline, opposite (also basal or not). Inflorescence: compact cyme or flowers 1. Flower: parts generally in 5s (generally in 4s in Gentiana prostrata, 4s or 5s in Gentiana fremontii); calyx tube generally > lobes; corolla tube narrow-bell-shaped, lobes spreading, < tube, base of sinus between lobes truncate or generally with a variously shaped, sometimes fringed appendage, nectary pits 0 (nectaries on ovary stalk); ovary stalked, style +- 0 or short, entire, persistent, stigmas 2.
Species In Genus: +- 400 species: temperate to subarctic, alpine America, Eurasia. Etymology: (Gentius, king of Illyria, who used roots to treat malaria)
Gentiana plurisetosa C.T. Mason
Habit: Perennial herb. Stem: from caudex, decumbent to erect, 2--several, 5--40 cm. Leaf: basal +- 0; cauline many, +- even-spaced, generally > 0.8 × internodes, 12--60 mm, 7--38 mm wide, elliptic to round, tips obtuse to acute, base sheaths at mid-stem generally > 5 mm. Inflorescence: terminal; flowers 1--5, also 1 at 1--3 upper nodes or not. Flower: calyx 17--25(35) mm, lobes lance-elliptic, rarely +- leaf-like, not ciliate, obtuse to acute; corolla 35--50 mm, deep blue, lobes 7--14 mm, oblong-obovate to round, short-acuminate, sinus appendages divided +- to base into 2--several thread-like parts. Seed: winged.
Ecology: Wet mountain meadows; Elevation: 1200--1900 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRO; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: Jul--Sep
Jepson eFlora Author: James S. Pringle
Reference: Mason 1991 Madroño 37:289--292
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Gentiana newberryi var. tiogana
Next taxon: Gentiana prostrata

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Botanical illustration including Gentiana plurisetosa

botanical illustration including Gentiana plurisetosa


Citation for this treatment: James S. Pringle 2012, Gentiana plurisetosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 17, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 17, 2022.

Gentiana plurisetosa
click for enlargement
© 2016 Dana York
Gentiana plurisetosa
click for enlargement
© 2016 Dana York
Gentiana plurisetosa
click for enlargement
© 2016 Dana York
Gentiana plurisetosa
click for enlargement
© 2016 Dana York
Gentiana plurisetosa
click for enlargement
© 2016 Dana York
Gentiana plurisetosa
click for enlargement
© 2016 Dana York

More photos of Gentiana plurisetosa in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Gentiana plurisetosa:
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).