Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Garrya congdonii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GarryaceaeView Description 
Habit: Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade +- leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate Flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate Flower: 1--3 per bract; pedicel +- 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GarryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782--1856) Note: Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.
Garrya congdonii Eastw.
Habit: Shrub < 3 m. Leaf: 15--70 mm, 7--35 mm wide, 1.3--2.6 × longer than wide, flat to +- concave-convex, ovate- to obovate-elliptic; margin flat to strongly wavy; abaxial hairs dense, fine, wavy, appressed toward leaf tip. Fruit: hairs dense.
Ecology: Chaparral; Elevation: 180--750 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaRH, n&c SNF, SnFrB. Flowering Time: Feb--Apr Note: Seems to intergrade equally with Garrya elliptica, Garrya flavescens.
Synonyms: Garrya flavescens S. Watson subsp. congdonii (Eastw.) Dahling
Jepson eFlora Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Garrya buxifolia
Next taxon: Garrya elliptica

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Botanical illustration including Garrya congdonii

botanical illustration including Garrya congdonii


Citation for this treatment: Thomas F. Daniel 2012, Garrya congdonii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 06, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 06, 2022.

Garrya congdonii
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Garrya congdonii
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Garrya congdonii
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© 2011 Vernon Smith
Garrya congdonii
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Garrya congdonii
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Garrya congdonii
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling

More photos of Garrya congdonii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Garrya congdonii:
NW, CaRH, n&c SNF, SnFrB.
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2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).