Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Garrya elliptica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GarryaceaeView Description 
Habit: Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade +- leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate Flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate Flower: 1--3 per bract; pedicel +- 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GarryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782--1856) Note: Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.
Garrya elliptica Lindl.
Habit: Shrub, small tree, < 8 m. Leaf: 18--107 mm, 14--72 mm wide, 1.2--2.6 × longer than wide, flat to +- concave-convex, elliptic; margin +- to strongly wavy, often rolled under, appearing crenate or dentate; abaxial hairs dense, curly-wavy, interwoven, sparse in age or not. Inflorescence: in fruit 18--28 mm wide. Pistillate Flower: (1)3 per bract. Fruit: hairs dense. Chromosomes: 2n=22.
Ecology: Seacliffs, sand dunes, chaparral, foothill-pine woodland; Elevation: < 800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR, NCoRO, CW (exc SCoRI); Distribution Outside California: western Oregon. Flowering Time: Jan--Mar
Jepson eFlora Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Garrya congdonii
Next taxon: Garrya flavescens

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Jepson Video for Garrya elliptica

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Botanical illustration including Garrya elliptica

botanical illustration including Garrya elliptica

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Citation for this treatment: Thomas F. Daniel 2012, Garrya elliptica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 02, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on March 02, 2024.

Garrya elliptica
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©2021 Neal Kramer
Garrya elliptica
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©2021 Neal Kramer
Garrya elliptica
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©2009 California Academy of Sciences
Garrya elliptica
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©2007 Neal Kramer
Garrya elliptica
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©2007 Neal Kramer

More photos of Garrya elliptica
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Garrya elliptica:
NCo, KR, NCoRO, CW (exc SCoRI)
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).