Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Garrya buxifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: GarryaceaeView Description 
Habit: Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade +- leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate Flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate Flower: 1--3 per bract; pedicel +- 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
Genera In Family: 1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GarryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Etymology: (N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782--1856) Note: Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.
Garrya buxifolia A. Gray
Habit: Shrub < 3 m. Leaf: 14--66 mm, 9--33 mm wide, 1.3--2.3 × longer than wide, flat to +- concave-convex, ovate- to obovate-elliptic; margin flat; abaxial hairs generally dense, +- coarse, straight to +- curved, appressed toward leaf tip. Fruit: glabrous or near tip sparsely hairy.
Ecology: Chaparral to yellow-pine forest; Elevation: 150--2100 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW; Distribution Outside California: western Oregon. Flowering Time: Feb--Apr
Jepson eFlora Author: Thomas F. Daniel
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Garrya buxifolia

botanical illustration including Garrya buxifolia


Citation for this treatment: Thomas F. Daniel 2012, Garrya buxifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 26, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 26, 2022.

Garrya buxifolia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Garrya buxifolia
click for enlargement
© 2021 Steve Matson
Garrya buxifolia
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Garrya buxifolia
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Garrya buxifolia
click for enlargement
© 2021 Steve Matson
Garrya buxifolia
click for enlargement
© 2021 Steve Matson

More photos of Garrya buxifolia in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Garrya buxifolia:
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).