Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Frankenia pulverulenta

Higher Taxonomy
Family: FrankeniaceaeView Description 

Genera In Family: 1 genus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Carrie Kiel & R. John Little
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: FrankeniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: FRANKENIA
Habit: (Annual) [perennial herb] to shrub, generally with rhizome; glands salt-secreting. Stem: prostrate to erect, nodes swollen, generally rooting. Leaf: opposite, 4-ranked, united by a single sheath, +- clustered, simple, 1--15 mm, salt-encrusted, generally persistent; blade obovate to oblong-oblanceolate or elliptic, generally leathery or fleshy, glabrous to hairy, margin entire, rolled under; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, axillary. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; calyx persistent, sepals 4--7, fused, ribbed; petals 4--7, free, white to pink or blue-purple, overlapping, clawed, with adaxial scale-like appendage near base; stamens 3--12(25), 2-whorled, outer whorl shorter; ovary superior, chambers 1--4, styles 1--4, exserted, ovules 1--many. Fruit: loculicidal capsule within persistent calyx. Seed: 1--many, ivory to gold-brown.
Species In Genus: 90 species: especially coastal and semi-arid regions; soils high in salt, gypsum, or calcium. Etymology: (Johann Frankenius, 1590--1661, Swedish botanist)
Reference: Whalen 1987 Syst Bot Monogr 17:1--93
Frankenia pulverulenta L.
Habit: Annual, 15(30) cm diam, taprooted. Stem: decumbent to ascending, branched at base, 1--8 cm, with curved white hairs. Leaf: blade 1--6 mm, 1--3 mm wide, +- rolled under, abaxially sparsely hairy. Inflorescence: 1, axillary. Flower: calyx tube 2--4 mm; petals 4--5 mm, pink to purple; stamens generally 6, +- 3 mm; styles (2)3. Fruit: 2--2.5 mm. Seed: many, oblong-ellipsoid.
Ecology: High-salinity marshes and intermittently flooded areas; Elevation: < 20 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo; Distribution Outside California: Oregon, Utah; Africa, southwestern Asia, native to Europe. Flowering Time: Apr--Sep Note: 1 record from Ballona Marsh, Los Angeles Co., 2009.
Jepson eFlora Author: Carrie Kiel & R. John Little
Reference: Whalen 1987 Syst Bot Monogr 17:1--93
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Carrie Kiel & R. John Little 2012, Frankenia pulverulenta, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, /eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=26049, accessed on February 23, 2020.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2020, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 23, 2020.

Frankenia pulverulenta
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Frankenia pulverulenta
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Frankenia pulverulenta
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Frankenia pulverulenta
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Frankenia pulverulenta
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Frankenia pulverulenta
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Frankenia pulverulenta in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Frankenia pulverulenta:
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).