Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |
| N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon

Fragaria vesca


Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornament, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: FragariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, +- nonglandular, rhizomes short, stolons leafless. Leaf: basal, 1-ternately compound; leaflet teeth generally entire. Inflorescence: cyme, +- umbel-like, open, 1--several-flowered; pedicels recurved in fruit, bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium shallow, bractlets 5, narrower than sepals; sepals, petals +- obovate, generally white; stamens 20--35, filaments +- flat, pollen sac 1, horseshoe-shaped; pistils many, ovaries superior, jointed to stout style on side. Fruit: achenes many on enlarged, fleshy, red receptacle.
Etymology: (Latin: fragrant) Note: Species intergrade.
Unabridged Note: Characters include calyx orientation, fruit size used to define subspecies despite evident lack of taxonomic value.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter
Reference: Hancock et al. 2004 Canad J Bot 82:1632--1644
Fragaria vesca L.
Stem: generally 3--15 cm. Leaf: thin; petiole generally 3--25 cm; central leaflet stalk < 2 mm, blade 15--70 mm, widely elliptic-obovate, acute to obtuse, teeth generally 12--21, below and above middle, acute or obtuse, central tooth < to > adjacent; leaflets sparsely hairy adaxially, hairier abaxially. Inflorescence: often >> leaves. Flower: generally +- 15 mm wide; hypanthium bractlets often 2-lobed; sepals generally 4--8 mm; petals generally 5--8 mm. Fruit: receptacle 5--10 mm; achene +- 1.5 mm. Chromosomes: n=7.
Ecology: Generally partial shade in forest; Elevation: 15--2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, CW, SnBr, PR; Distribution Outside California: to eastern North America, Baja California; also Europe. Flowering Time: Jan--Jul Note: Hybridizes with Fragaria chiloensis.
Synonyms: Fragaria crinita Rydb.; Fragaria vesca subsp. bracteata (A. Heller) Staudt; Fragaria vesca subsp. californica (Cham. & Schltdl.) Staudt.
Jepson eFlora Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter
Reference: Hancock et al. 2004 Canad J Bot 82:1632--1644
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Fragaria chiloensis
Next taxon: Fragaria virginiana

Botanical illustration including Fragaria vescabotanical illustration including Fragaria vesca

Please use this Google Form for Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter 2012, Fragaria vesca, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 15, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on July 15, 2024.

Fragaria vesca
click for image enlargement
©2008 Keir Morse
Fragaria vesca
click for image enlargement
©2015 Barry Breckling
Fragaria vesca
click for image enlargement
©2009 Barry Breckling
Fragaria vesca
click for image enlargement
©2008 Keir Morse
Fragaria vesca
click for image enlargement
©2009 Barry Breckling

More photos of Fragaria vesca
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Fragaria vesca:
NW, CaR, SN, CW, SnBr, PR
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1

(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurrence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.

View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month Flowering-Fruiting Monthly Counts

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).