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Vascular Plants of California
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Fragaria chiloensis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornament, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: FragariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, +- nonglandular, rhizomes short, stolons leafless. Leaf: basal, 1-ternately compound; leaflet teeth generally entire. Inflorescence: cyme, +- umbel-like, open, 1--several-flowered; pedicels recurved in fruit, bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium shallow, bractlets 5, narrower than sepals; sepals, petals +- obovate, generally white; stamens 20--35, filaments +- flat, pollen sac 1, horseshoe-shaped; pistils many, ovaries superior, jointed to stout style on side. Fruit: achenes many on enlarged, fleshy, red receptacle.
Etymology: (Latin: fragrant) Note: Species intergrade.
Unabridged Note: Characters include calyx orientation, fruit size used to define subspecies despite evident lack of taxonomic value.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter
Reference: Hancock et al. 2004 Canad J Bot 82:1632--1644
Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Mill.
Habit: Often dioecious. Stem: generally 5--20 cm. Leaf: thick, leathery; petiole generally 2--20 cm; central leaflet stalk 1--10 mm, blade 10--60 mm, obovate, densely hairy abaxially, generally glabrous adaxially, rounded to truncate, teeth generally 7--11, above middle, rounded-obtuse, central tooth << adjacent. Inflorescence: exceeded by to exceeding leaves. Flower: generally 20--40 mm wide; hypanthium bractlets unlobed; sepals 6--10 mm; petals (8)10--18 mm. Fruit: receptacle 10--20 mm; achene 1.5--2 mm. Chromosomes: n=28.
Ecology: Ocean beaches, coastal grassland; Elevation: < 200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska; also coastal South America, Hawaii. Flowering Time: Feb--Nov
Synonyms: Fragaria chiloensis subsp. lucida (E. Vilm. ex J. Gay) Staudt; Fragaria chiloensis subsp. pacifica Staudt
Unabridged Note: Hybridizes with Fragaria vesca (2n=35,42,63; Fragaria ×bringhurstii Staudt), putative hybrids with Fragaria virginiana (Fragaria ×ananassa subsp. cuneifolia (Howell) Staudt) spontaneous, do not merit taxonomic status.
Jepson eFlora Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter
Reference: Hancock et al. 2004 Canad J Bot 82:1632--1644
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter 2012, Fragaria chiloensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 21, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 21, 2024.

Fragaria chiloensis
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©2009 Neal Kramer
Fragaria chiloensis
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©2005 George W. Hartwell
Fragaria chiloensis
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©2011 Neal Kramer
Fragaria chiloensis
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©2008 Keir Morse
Fragaria chiloensis
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©2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Fragaria chiloensis
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Fragaria chiloensis:
NCo, CCo
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).