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Vascular Plants of California
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Enemion stipitatum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RanunculaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3--6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0--many, generally free; stamens generally 5--many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1--many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, generally +- persistent as beak, ovules 1--many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, +- utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1--many-seeded.
Genera In Family: +- 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). Toxicity: some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). Note: Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: EnemionView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb from clustered, slender to fusiform or +- spheric fleshy roots, glabrous. Stem: ascending to erect; branches 0(--few). Leaf: 2-ternate; basal petioles generally > blades, cauline short to +- 0; leaflets wide-ovate to wedge-shaped-obovate, margins entire to deeply 2--3 lobed. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary, cymes or racemes, 2--10 flowered, or flowers 1. Flower: sepals generally 5, petal-like; petals 0; stamens 10--many; pistils [2]3--10, stalk-like base 0 or short. Fruit: follicle, glabrous, veins obvious, stalk-like base curved or not, occasionally 0, beak straight to recurved. Seed: +- red-brown, smooth, wrinkled or minutely pubescent.
Species In Genus: 6 species: temperate North America, Eurasia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Bruce A. Ford
Unabridged Reference: Calder & Taylor 1963 Madroño 17:69--76
Enemion stipitatum (A. Gray) J.R. Drumm. & Hutch.
Habit: Plant 4--12 cm. Stem: (1)3--7, decumbent to erect, generally simple. Leaf: 4--11 cm; segment lobes generally 3, generally > 1/2 segment length. Flower: sepals 1--2.5 mm wide, white; stamens 2--3 mm; pistils 3--10. Fruit: 4--7 mm.
Ecology: Shaded slopes, chaparral, oak woodland, mixed-evergreen forest; Elevation: 200--1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, n SN, se SnFrB (Mount Hamilton Range), MP; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon. Flowering Time: Feb--Apr Note: SnFrB plants grow with, similar to Enemion occidentale.
Synonyms: Isopyrum stipitatum A. Gray
Jepson eFlora Author: Bruce A. Ford
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Enemion occidentale
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Botanical illustration including Enemion stipitatum

botanical illustration including Enemion stipitatum


Citation for this treatment: Bruce A. Ford 2012, Enemion stipitatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 25, 2021.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2021, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 25, 2021.

Enemion stipitatum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Enemion stipitatum
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Enemion stipitatum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Enemion stipitatum:
NW, CaR, n SN, se SnFrB (Mount Hamilton Range), MP
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).