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Vascular Plants of California
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Dichelostemma volubile

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]; daughter corms formed at stem base above corm of previous year, cormlets formed at base of corms or on short stolons. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 13 genera, 70--80 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Robert E. Preston, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: DichelostemmaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Cormlets generally sessile. Leaf: 2--5, generally keeled, entire, glabrous, occasionally withered by flowering. Inflorescence: raceme- or umbel-like, generally dense; scape generally curved, twisted, or twining, cylindric; bracts +- papery; pedicels generally < flowers. Flower: perianth tube cylindric to bell-shaped, appendages on outer lobes at junction of tube, forming crown; staminodes 0 (3, stamen-like); stamens 3, equal, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma weakly 3-lobed. Fruit: generally sessile, generally ovoid, 3-angled. Seed: sharp-angled, black-crusted.
Species In Genus: 4 species: western United States, especially northern California, northern Mexico. Etymology: (Greek: toothed crown, from perianth appendages)
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, Glenn Keator & Robert E. Preston
Reference: Keator 1992 Four Seasons 9:24--39; Mabberley 2015 Madroño 62:137--138
Dichelostemma volubile (Kellogg) A. Heller
Leaf: 3--4, 30--70 cm, keeled. Inflorescence: umbel-like, dense; scape 40--150 cm, twining, scabrous; bracts 12--15 mm, wide-ovate, acute, +- pink; pedicels 10--40 mm; flowers 6--30, occasionally horizontal in flower, erect in fruit. Flower: perianth pink (white), tube 5--7 mm, +- spheric, narrowed above ovary, angles 6, sac-like, lobes +- spreading (ascending in fruit), 5--7 mm, crown folding inward toward, hiding anthers, 3--4 mm, narrow-lanceolate, white; staminodes 3, alternate stamens, +- 3 mm, linear-oblong, stamen-like, cream-white, ciliate-dentate, tip generally notched; stamens 3, anthers 3--4 mm; ovary 4--5 mm, +- spheric, stalk 0 or short, style 3--4 mm. Chromosomes: n=9,18.
Ecology: Foothill woodland, chaparral scrub; Elevation: 100--2800 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, CaRF, SN. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Macroscapa volubilis Kellogg; Brodiaea californica (Torr.) Jeps. 1911, not Lindl. 1849; Brodiaea volubilis (Kellogg) Baker; Dichelostemma californicum (Torr.) Alph. Wood; Hookera volubilis (Kellogg) Jeps.; Rupalleya volubilis (Kellogg) Morière; Stropholirion californicum Torr.
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Chris Pires, Glenn Keator & Robert E. Preston
Reference: Keator 1992 Four Seasons 9:24--39; Mabberley 2015 Madroño 62:137--138
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Dichelostemma volubile

botanical illustration including Dichelostemma volubile


Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires, Glenn Keator & Robert E. Preston 2019, Dichelostemma volubile, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 7, /eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=22855, accessed on February 28, 2020.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2020, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on February 28, 2020.

Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2005 Aaron Schusteff
Dichelostemma volubile
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Dichelostemma volubile
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling

More photos of Dichelostemma volubile in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Dichelostemma volubile:
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).