Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Datura stramonium

Higher Taxonomy
Family: SolanaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla +- radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2--5-chambered.
Genera In Family: 75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially +- tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia). Toxicity: many TOXIC. Note: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael H. Nee
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: DaturaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: JIMSON WEED
Habit: Annual to subshrub, hairs +- 0 or simple, ill-smelling. Leaf: entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in branch forks. Flower: calyx circumscissile near base, leaving +- rotate collar in fruit; corolla funnel-shaped, white or +- purple, lobes 5(10); stamens attached below tube middle; ovary 2- or 4-chambered. Fruit: capsule, leathery or woody, prickly; valves 2--4 or irregular. Seed: +- flat, black, brown, gray-brown, or tan.
Etymology: (Hindu: ancient name) Toxicity: All species. TOXIC.
Datura stramonium L.
Habit: Annual < 10 dm. Stem: +- glabrous to sparsely hairy. Leaf: 5--15 cm, 4--10 cm wide, ovate, coarsely toothed to shallowly lobed. Flower: erect; calyx 3.5--4.5 cm, angled toward base, lobes 5--7 mm; corolla 6--9 cm, glabrous, white or pale blue-purple, lobes 8--10 mm, spreading, tips long, narrow; filaments 22--25 mm, anthers 3.5--5 mm; style 4--6 cm. Fruit: 4-valved, erect, 25--35 mm wide, glabrous; prickles 3--10 mm, upper > lower. Seed: 3--3.5 mm, black. Chromosomes: n=12.
Ecology: Sandy soils, open, often disturbed areas; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP (exc CaR, SNH), MP; Distribution Outside California: to eastern United States; native to Mexico. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
Synonyms: Datura stramonium var. tatula (L.) Torr.
Jepson eFlora Author: Michael H. Nee
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Datura ferox
Next taxon: Datura wrightii

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Citation for this treatment: Michael H. Nee 2012, Datura stramonium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 14, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 14, 2024.

Datura stramonium  
var. stramonium
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©2006 George W. Hartwell
Datura stramonium
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©2019 Vernon Smith
Datura stramonium
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©2021 Steve Matson
Datura stramonium
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©2013 Neal Kramer
Datura stramonium
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©2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Datura stramonium
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Datura stramonium:
CA-FP (exc CaR, SNH), MP
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).