Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |
| N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon

Cinnamomum camphora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LauraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: [Shrub], tree, [parasitic vine], generally evergreen, aromatic; [dioecious or +- so]. Leaf: generally alternate, simple, unlobed [(lobed)], entire, generally thick; stipules 0. Inflorescence: [(flowers 1, head), raceme, panicle], umbel-like, enclosed by bracts [or not]. Flower: generally bisexual, generally +- yellow to +- green; hypanthium often calyx-tube-like, perianth parts in 2(3) whorls of 3, +- sepal-like; stamens [(3)]9[(12)], in whorls of 3, inner often with 2 stalked orange glands at base, 1 [or more] whorls often staminodes [or not], anthers [2] 4-celled, opening by uplifting valves; pistil 1, simple, ovary generally superior, chamber 1, ovule 1, style 1, very short. Fruit: +- berry, often with swollen hypanthium, sepals.
Genera In Family: +- 54 genera, +- 3500 species: widespread in tropics, less so in temperate; some cultivated (Laurus, laurel, bay; Persea, avocado; Cinnamomum, cinnamon, camphor).
eFlora Treatment Author: Henk van der Werff
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CinnamomumView Description 

Inflorescence: in leaf axils, panicle. Flower: perianth parts 6; stamens 9, anthers 4-celled.
Etymology: (Greek: cinnamon)
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl
Habit: Plant < 30 m. Leaf: 6--12 cm, 2.5--5.5 cm wide, ovate-elliptic, hairs 0 or sparse abaxially, 0 adaxially; basal pair of lateral veins stronger than distal, with axillary pit visible adaxially; petiole < blade. Inflorescence: 3--7 cm. Flower: perianth parts +- 2 mm, hairs 0 abaxially, present adaxially. Fruit: ovoid to spheric, 6--9 mm diam, purple. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Moist places; Elevation: < 150 m. Bioregional Distribution: nw SnJV (Antioch Dunes), SCo, sw PR; Distribution Outside California: native to tropical, subtropical eastern Asia. Flowering Time: Apr--May Note: Camphor distilled from wood; fruit eaten, seeds dispersed by birds; reported pest in parts of Australia.
Jepson eFlora Author: Henk van der Werff
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Cinnamomum
Next taxon: Laurus

Name Search

Please use this Google Form for Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Henk van der Werff 2012, Cinnamomum camphora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 16, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 16, 2024.

No expert verified images found for Cinnamomum camphora.

Geographic subdivisions for Cinnamomum camphora:
nw SnJV (Antioch Dunes), SCo, sw PR
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).