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Vascular Plants of California
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Brandegea bigelovii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CucurbitaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb; hairs often hard from calcium deposits; generally monoecious. Stem: trailing or climbing, 1--many; tendril generally 1 per node, often branched. Leaf: generally simple, alternate, generally palmate-lobed and -veined, petioled; stipules 0. Inflorescence: at nodes; staminate flowers in racemes, panicles, small clusters, (or 1); pistillate flowers generally 1. Flower: unisexual [bisexual], radial; hypanthium > ovary; calyx generally 5-lobed (or +- 0); corolla rotate to cup- or bell-shaped, generally 5-lobed; stamens 3--5 (or +- 1--3 from fusion), anthers twisted together, often > filaments; ovary +- inferior, chambers 3--5, placentas parietal, styles 1--3, stigmas generally lobed, large. Fruit: berry, drying or not, or capsule, irregularly dehiscent, often gourd- or melon-like. Seed: 1--many.
Genera In Family: 100 genera, 700 species: especially tropics; some cultivated (Citrullus, watermelon; Cucumis, cucumber; Cucurbita, gourd, pumpkin, squash; Luffa, loofah; Sechium, chayote). Note: Several cultivated species included Bryonia dioica reported as waifs in California (Howell 1958 Wasmann J Biol 16:1--157), but none recently.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Robert L. Schlising
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BrandegeaView Description 


Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (T.S. Brandegee, California botanist, engineer, 1843--1925)
Brandegea bigelovii (S. Watson) Cogn.
Habit: Perennial herb, taprooted. Stem: +- glabrous; tendril unbranched. Leaf: generally round to cordate or +- square, generally deeply lobed, adaxially with white glands, terminal lobe generally longest. Inflorescence: staminate flowers few in axils, pistillate 1 per node, at same nodes as staminate. Flower: corolla 1.5--3 mm wide, rotate or shallowly cup-shaped, cream; stigma 1, hemispheric. Fruit: dry, indehiscent, asymmetric, +- prickly; body 5--6 mm, +- = beak. Seed: 1.
Ecology: Canyons, washes, flats, sandy slopes; Elevation: < 900 m. Bioregional Distribution: D (exc DMtns); Distribution Outside California: southwestern Arizona, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Unabridged Synonyms: Elaterium bigelovii S. Watson
Jepson eFlora Author: John M. Miller & Robert L. Schlising
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Brandegea bigelovii

botanical illustration including Brandegea bigelovii


Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Robert L. Schlising 2012, Brandegea bigelovii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, /eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=16061, accessed on May 24, 2020.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2020, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 24, 2020.

Brandegea bigelovii
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Brandegea bigelovii
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Brandegea bigelovii
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Brandegea bigelovii
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Brandegea bigelovii
click for enlargement
© 1996 Christopher L. Christie
Brandegea bigelovii
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Brandegea bigelovii in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Brandegea bigelovii:
D (exc DMtns)
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).