Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Bolandra californica
SIERRA BOLANDRA


Higher Taxonomy
Family: SaxifragaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: SAXIFRAGE FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from caudex or rhizome, generally +- hairy. Stem: often +- leafy on proximal 1/2, rarely trailing and leafy throughout. Leaf: generally simple, basal and/or cauline, generally alternate, generally petioled; veins +- palmate. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, generally +- scapose. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium free to +- fused to ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5, free, generally clawed, generally white; stamens 3, [4], 5, 8, or 10; pistils 1 (carpels +- fused, ovary lobed, chambers 1 or 2, placentas generally 2(3), axile or parietal or occasionally proximally axile and distally marginal in ovary lobes) or 2 (carpels free, placentas marginal), ovary nearly superior to inferior, occasionally more superior in fruit, styles generally 2(3). Fruit: capsule (generally 2(3)-beaked, valves generally 2(3), generally equal) or 2 follicles. Seed: generally many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 30 genera, 600 species: especially northern temperate, arctic, alpine; some cultivated (Bergenia, Darmera, Heuchera, Saxifraga, Tellima, Tolmiea). Note: California Mitella moved to Mitellastra, Ozomelis, Pectiantia; Suksdorfia ranunculifolia to Hemieva. Parnassia moved to Parnassiaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: BolandraView Description 


Habit: Caudex scaleless, bearing bulblets. Leaf: basal and cauline, basal and proximal petioled, cauline stipuled, distal sessile, reduced; blade +- round, base cordate to reniform, lobes 3--7, deep, teeth sharp. Inflorescence: panicle-like, glandular; flowers few; bracts sessile, proximal often clasping, leaf-like. Flower: hypanthium free from ovary; petals not clawed; stamens 5, opposite sepals; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 2, placentas 2, axile. Fruit: capsule.
Species In Genus: 2 species: Washington, Oregon, California. Etymology: (H.N. Bolander, California botanist, 1831--1897) Note: Closely related to Suksdorfia and Hemieva.
Reference: Gornall & Bohm 1985 Bot J Linn Soc 90:1--71
Bolandra californica A. Gray
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 15--60 cm. Leaf: petiole 3--10 cm; blade 1--5 cm wide. Inflorescence: pedicel 0.5--3 mm. Flower: calyx lobes 3--6 mm, ovate to triangular; petals 4--7 mm, narrowly triangular, long-tapered, 1/3--1/2 as wide as sepals, green, margin purple; stamens << calyx lobes, opposite sepals. Seed: brown, minutely papillate. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Rock crevices, wet cliffs; Elevation: 1000--3000 m. Bioregional Distribution: n&c SNH (El Dorado to Mariposa cos.). Flowering Time: May--Aug
Jepson eFlora Author: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander
Reference: Gornall & Bohm 1985 Bot J Linn Soc 90:1--71
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Bolandra californica

botanical illustration including Bolandra californica

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Citation for this treatment: Michael S. Park & Patrick E. Elvander 2012, Bolandra californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=15845, accessed on September 18, 2021.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2021, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 18, 2021.

Bolandra californica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Bolandra californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Bolandra californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Bolandra californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Bolandra californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Bolandra californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson

More photos of Bolandra californica in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Bolandra californica:
n&c SNH (El Dorado to Mariposa cos.).
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).