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Vascular Plants of California
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Anthriscus caucalis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally +- scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally +- ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a +- conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally +- persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1--several per interval between ribs.
Genera In Family: 300 genera, 3000 species: +- worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Note: Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae, Orogenia moved to Lomatium, Sphenosciadium moved to Angelica. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AnthriscusView Description 

Habit: Annual, biennial, taprooted, glabrous or bristly. Stem: erect, branched. Leaf: generally cauline; blade oblong to ovate, pinnately or ternately dissected or compound, segments or leaflets linear-oblong to ovate. Inflorescence: umbels compound, generally peduncled; bracts generally 0; bractlets several, reflexed, entire; rays, pedicels few, spreading. Flower: outer occasionally +- bilateral; calyx lobes 0; petals narrow, white. Fruit: narrowly elongate to ovoid, beaked, smooth or bristly; each half +- cylindric; ribs, oil tubes 0 or obscure; fruit axis entire or notched at tip. Seed: face grooved.
Etymology: (Ancient Greek name)
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
Anthriscus caucalis M. Bieb.
Habit: Annual, 4.5--10 dm. Leaf: petiole 3--8 cm; blade 5--15 cm, oblong- to triangular-ovate, pinnately dissected, segments 1--5 mm, linear-oblong, obtuse. Inflorescence: peduncle 0--2 cm; rays 3--6, 1--2.5 cm. Fruit: +- 4 mm, ovoid; beak << body. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Generally shady places; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP, MP; Distribution Outside California: native to Eurasia. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Anthriscus scandicina (F.H. Wigg.) Mansf.
Jepson eFlora Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Botanical illustration including Anthriscus caucalis

botanical illustration including Anthriscus caucalis

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Citation for this treatment: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax 2012, Anthriscus caucalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 15, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 15, 2024.

Anthriscus caucalis
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©2018 Michael Charters
Anthriscus caucalis
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©2013 Neal Kramer
Anthriscus caucalis
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©2010 Barry Breckling
Anthriscus caucalis
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©2008 Keir Morse
Anthriscus caucalis
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©2006 Keir Morse

More photos of Anthriscus caucalis
in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Anthriscus caucalis:
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).