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Vascular Plants of California
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Anoda cristata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MalvaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to tree; generally with stellate hairs, often with bristles or peltate scales; juice generally mucilage-like; bark fibrous. Leaf: generally cauline, alternate, petioled, simple [palmate-compound], generally palmate-lobed and/or veined, generally toothed, evergreen or not; stipules persistent or not. Inflorescence: head, spike, raceme, or panicle, in panicle or not (a compound panicle), or flowers >= 1 in leaf axils, or flowers generally 1 opposite a leaf or on a spur; bracts leaf-like or not; bractlets 0 or on flowering stalks, often closely subtending calyx, generally in involucel. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, generally fused at base, abutting in bud, larger in fruit or not, nectaries as tufts of glandular hairs at base; petals (0)5, free from each other but generally fused at base to, falling with filament tube, clawed or not; stamens 5--many, filaments fused for most of length into tube around style, staminodes 5, alternate stamens, or generally 0; pistil 1, ovary superior, stalked or generally not, chambers generally >= 5, styles or style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 1--2 × chamber number. Fruit: loculicidal capsule, [berry], or 5--many, disk- or wedge-shaped segments (= mericarps).
Genera In Family: 266 genera, 4025 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus okra; Alcea hollyhock; Gossypium cotton; Hibiscus hibiscus). Note: Recently treated to include Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae. Mature fruit needed for identification; "outer edges" are surfaces between sides and back (abaxial surface) of segment. "Flower stalk" used instead of "pedicel," "peduncle," especially where both needed (i.e., when flowers both 1 in leaf axils and otherwise).
eFlora Treatment Author: Steven R. Hill, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Steven R. Hill, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AnodaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual (perennial herb) [subshrub]. Stem: decumbent [ascending] to erect. Leaf: generally +- lobed, +- entire to crenate or dentate, reduced distally on stem; stipules inconspicuous, deciduous. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, open, or flowers 1 in leaf axils; flowering stalks not jointed, >> flower; bractlets 0. Flower: calyx generally larger in fruit; petals +- purple, white, or yellow; anthers at top of filament tube; styles 5--20, stigmas head-like. Fruit: hemispheric to disk-like; segments 5--20, indehiscent, puberulent to bristly, side walls disintegrating, spur or spine 1 at distal angle or 0. Seed: enclosed in net-veined envelope or not, glabrous or puberulent.
Etymology: (Ceylonese name; or Greek a, without and nodos, knot referring to lack of flower stalk articulation seen in some other genera) Note: Anoda pentaschista A. Gray (petals yellow, generally fading +- red, fruit 4--5 mm diam, segments 5--8) a weed of citrus groves.
eFlora Treatment Author: Paul A. Fryxell & Steven R. Hill
Unabridged Reference: Fryxell 1987 Aliso 11:485--522; Fryxell 1988 Syst Bot Monogr 25:82--105
Anoda cristata (L.) Schltdl.
Stem: decumbent to erect, 0.5--1 m, sparsely bristly. Leaf: not leathery; blade 2--9 cm, often with central purple blotch, generally triangular to hastate, +- crenate or dentate; hairs generally simple. Inflorescence: generally flowers 1 in leaf axils, occasionally raceme-like in age. Flower: calyx +- 10 mm diam, 20--25 mm diam in fruit, lobes acuminate, often +- red, spreading in fruit; petals 8--30 mm; styles 10--20. Fruit: bristly. Chromosomes: 2n=30,60,90.
Ecology: Uncommon in disturbed places; Elevation: < 800 m. Bioregional Distribution: SNF, GV, SCo, D; Distribution Outside California: to southeastern and central United States, South America, Middle East, Australia; perhaps native to Mexico. Flowering Time: Aug--Nov
Synonyms: Anoda cristata var. digitata (A. Gray) Hochr.
Unabridged Note: In California also as agricultural weed.
Jepson eFlora Author: Paul A. Fryxell & Steven R. Hill
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Next taxon: Anoda pentaschista

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Botanical illustration including Anoda cristata

botanical illustration including Anoda cristata

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Citation for this treatment: Paul A. Fryxell & Steven R. Hill 2012, Anoda cristata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 23, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 23, 2024.

No expert verified images found for Anoda cristata.

Geographic subdivisions for Anoda cristata:
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).