Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Acleisanthes longiflora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: NyctaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, subshrub, [shrub, tree], glabrous or hairy. Stem: often forked. Leaf: opposite, sessile or petioled, pairs generally unequal; blade generally entire. Inflorescence: generally forked; spike, head-like cluster, or umbel, flowers rarely 1, bracts forming a calyx-like involucre or not. Flower: bisexual, generally +- radial (bilateral), sometimes cleistogamous in some genera; perianth of 1 whorl, generally petal-like, bell- to trumpet-shaped, base hardened, tightly surrounding ovary in fruit, lobes 3--5, generally notched to +- lobed; stamens 1--many; ovary superior (appearing inferior due to hardened perianth base), style 1. Fruit: achene in hardened perianth base; round to +- flat; smooth, angled, ribbed, or winged; glabrous, hairy, or glandular.
Genera In Family: 30 genera, 350 species: warm regions, especially America; some ornamental (Bougainvillea; Mirabilis, four o'clock).
eFlora Treatment Author: Andy Murdock, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: AcleisanthesView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: TRUMPETS
Habit: Perennial herb from thick taproot, minutely hairy. Stem: prostrate to ascending. Leaf: petioled; blade < 8 cm, +- firm to fleshy, paired leaves +- unequal. Inflorescence: bracts 1--3, free, not forming involucre; flower generally 1, or paired. Flower: nocturnal or cleistogamous; perianth trumpet-shaped, white, tube slender; stamens 5, +- exserted; stigma +- spheric, +- exceeding anthers. Fruit: oblong, glabrous; wings translucent or 0.
Species In Genus: 17 species: especially southwestern United States, northeastern Mexico. Etymology: (Greek: without closure, from absence of involucre) Note: Pollinated by hawkmoths. Selinocarpus moved to Acleisanthes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Andy Murdock
Reference: Poole 2003 FNANM 4:33--39
Acleisanthes longiflora A. Gray
Habit: Annual; puberulent to +- glabrous. Stem: < 1 m. Leaf: petiole 1--15 mm; blade < 4 cm, lanceolate to triangular, acute to acuminate, margins +- wavy. Flower: perianth tube +- green or pale purple, limb white. Fruit: 6--10 mm, oblong, with 2 parallel grooves between adjacent ribs.
Ecology: Dry places, generally on limestone; Elevation: 10--2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: e DSon (Santa Maria Mtns, e Riverside Co.); Distribution Outside California: to Texas, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: May
Jepson eFlora Author: Andy Murdock
Reference: Poole 2003 FNANM 4:33--39
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Acleisanthes longiflora

botanical illustration including Acleisanthes longiflora


Citation for this treatment: Andy Murdock 2012, Acleisanthes longiflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, /eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=11823, accessed on May 29, 2020.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2020, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 29, 2020.

Acleisanthes longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Acleisanthes longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Acleisanthes longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Acleisanthes longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Acleisanthes longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Acleisanthes longiflora
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse

More photos of Acleisanthes longiflora in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Acleisanthes longiflora:
e DSon (Santa Maria Mtns, e Riverside Co.)
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).