Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M |
| N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon

Cherleria biflora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaryophyllaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PINK FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often +- connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1--many; involucre generally 0 (present in most Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, +- free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2--several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2--5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2--3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely +- dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Atocion, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene). Note: Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5--8. Taxa of Minuartia in TJM2 treated here in Cherleria and Sabulina; Pseudostellaria in Hartmaniella and Torreyostellaria; Vaccaria in Gypsophila; Velezia in Dianthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald L. Hartman (deceased) & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin & Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CherleriaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb, cespitose to mat-forming. Stem: trailing; in flower +- erect. Leaf: needle to awl-shaped. Flower: sepals 5, free, oblong, glabrous in age or stalked-glandular, obtuse, margin incurved; petals [0]5, [<=]> sepals, white; styles 3. Fruit: capsule, valves 3. Seed: many, red-tan to red-brown. Chromosomes: x=13.
Etymology: [Johann Heinrich Cherler (1569--1609 or 1610), Swiss doctor, botanist] Note: Cherleria obtusiloba (Rydb.) A.J. Moore & Dillenb. [= Minuartia obtusiloba (Rydb.) House] not in CA; restricted to more northerly high Cascade Ranges and to Rocky Mountains.
eFlora Treatment Author: Abigail J. Moore, Ronald L. Hartman (deceased) & Richard K. Rabeler
Reference: Moore & Kadereit 2013 Amer J Bot 100:2412--2425; Dillenberger & Kadereit 2014 Taxon 63:64--88; Moore & Dillenberger 2017 Willdenowia 47:5--14
Cherleria biflora (L.) A.J. Moore & Dillenb.
Habit: Perennial herb, cespitose to mat-forming, 1--12 cm, glandular-hairy, green; taproot generally > 3 mm diam. Stem: in flower +- erect; trailing stem 2--20+ cm. Leaf: 1.5--8 mm, 0.4--1 mm wide, > internodes, needle- to awl-shaped, +- straight, flexible, +- evenly spaced; axillary leaves well developed. Flower: sepals 2.9--4 mm, tip narrowly rounded; margin incurved, hood-like, ribs generally 3; petals 1.2--1.5 × sepals. Seed: 0.6--0.7 mm; margin thick, red-tan. Chromosomes: 2n=26,+-52,78.
Ecology: Among dwarf willows, unglaciated granitics, metamorphics, alpine; Elevation: 3150--3700 m. Bioregional Distribution: c&s SNH; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Montana, Colorado, New Mexico, also Newfoundland to arctic Eurasia, Altai, Caucasus, European Alps. Flowering Time: Summer
Synonyms: Arenaria obtusiloba (Rydb.) Fernald, misappl.; Minuartia biflora (L.) Schinz & Thell.; Minuartia obtusiloba (Rydb.) House, misappl.; Stellaria biflora L.
Jepson eFlora Author: Abigail J. Moore, Ronald L. Hartman (deceased) & Richard K. Rabeler
Reference: Moore & Kadereit 2013 Amer J Bot 100:2412--2425; Dillenberger & Kadereit 2014 Taxon 63:64--88; Moore & Dillenberger 2017 Willdenowia 47:5--14
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Cherleria
Next taxon: Dianthus

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Cherleria biflora

botanical illustration including Cherleria biflora

Please use this Google Form for Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Abigail J. Moore, Ronald L. Hartman (deceased) & Richard K. Rabeler 2022, Cherleria biflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 11,, accessed on June 18, 2024.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2024, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 18, 2024.

No expert verified images found for Cherleria biflora.

Geographic subdivisions for Cherleria biflora:
c&s SNH
1. You can change the display of the base map layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. County and Jepson Region polygons can be turned off and on using the check boxes.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).