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Vascular Plants of California
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Volutaria tubuliflora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual to tree. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound. Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling a flower, of several types (see below), 1--many in generally +- cyme-like cluster; each head generally with +- calyx-like involucre of 1--many series of phyllaries (involucre bracts); receptacle of head flat to conic or columnar, paleate (bearing paleae = receptacle bracts) or epaleate; flowers 1--many per head. Flower: bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, +- small, of several types (see below); calyx 0 or modified into +- persistent pappus of bristles, scales, and/or awns; corolla radial or bilateral (0), lobes generally (0)3--5; stamens 4--5, filaments generally free, generally fused to corolla at tube/throat junction, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, anther base generally rounded or cordate (deeply sagittate or with tail-like appendages), tip (= flattened appendage) generally projecting beyond pollen sac; pistil 1, 2-carpeled, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, placenta basal, style 1, tip generally +- 2-branched (except in some staminate disk flowers), branch tips truncate or generally bearing +- brush-like appendages; stigmas 2, generally on adaxial faces of style branches. Fruit: achene (also called a cypsela) (drupe in Chrysanthemoides), cylindric to ovoid, sometimes compressed, generally deciduous with pappus attached.
Genera In Family: +- 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Note: Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla and 5-lobed ligule. Liguliflorous heads comprise only ligulate flowers. See glossary p. 31 for illustrations of family characteristics. Echinops sphaerocephalus L., Gaillardia aristata Pursh, Gaillardia pulchella Foug., Hymenothrix loomisii S.F. Blake, Tagetes erecta L., Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze are waifs. Melampodium perfoliatum Kunth, historic urban waif. Ageratum conyzoides L., Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass., Santolina chamaecyparisus L., orth. var. are rare or uncommon escapes from cultivation. Dyssodia papposa, Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch. Bip. [Chrysanthemum carinatum Schousb.], Mantisalca salmantica (L.) Briq. & Cavill. are historical or extirpated waifs in California. Inula helenium L. not documented in California. Taxa of Aster in TJM (1993) treated here in Almutaster, Doellingeria, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus, Symphyotrichum; Chamomilla in Matricaria; Bahia in Hymenothrix; Cnicus in Centaurea; Conyza in Erigeron and Laennecia; Dugaldia in Hymenoxys; Erechtites in Senecio; Hymenoclea in Ambrosia; Lembertia in Monolopia; Osteospermum ecklonis in Dimorphotheca; Picris echioides in Helminthotheca; Prionopsis in Grindelia; Raillardiopsis in Anisocarpus and Carlquistia; Schkuhria multiflora in Picradeniopsis; Trimorpha in Erigeron; Venidium in Arctotis; Whitneya in Arnica. Amauriopsis in TJM2 (2012) treated here in Hymenothrix; Arida in Leucosyris; Bahia in Picradeniopsis; Eucephalus in Doellingeria.
Unabridged Note: Largest family of vascular plants in California and of eudicots globally.
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil, except as noted
Scientific Editor: David J. Keil, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: VolutariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: erect, openly branched. Leaf: basal and proximal cauline winged-petioled, mid and distal cauline sessile; entire to dentate or pinnately divided, long-soft hairy, minutely glandular. Inflorescence: heads disciform or radiant, long-peduncled, 1 or in few-headed cyme-like cluster; involucre ovoid; phyllaries many, graduated in 5+ series, appressed, ovate to lanceolate, entire or minutely spiny-toothed, acute, tapered smoothly to an ascending to reflexed, +- flattened spine at tip; receptacle flat, epaleate, bristly. Flower: corolla white or pink to purple [blue, yellow, or orange]; outer flowers sterile, corolla enlarged and spreading or inconspicuous and erect, lobes 5(6), linear; inner flowers bisexual, tube slender, throat narrowly cylindric, lobes linear-oblong, anther bases tailed, tips lanceolate, style tip with +- hairy node and short, linear terminal segment. Fruit: +- barrel-shaped or obconic, weakly compressed, 10-ribbed, tip with prominent collar, attachment scar lateral within cavity with hard rim; pappus persistent, of several series of narrow scales, white to tan.
Etymology: (Latin: having twist, for spirally coiled corolla lobes of original sp.)
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil
Reference: Keil 2006 FNANM 19:174--175
Volutaria tubuliflora (Murb.) Sennen
Stem: <= 15 dm. Leaf: proximal widely elliptic to oblanceolate or obovate, deeply lobed, lobes +- dentate, middle decurrent on stem as toothed wings, smaller, distalmost much reduced, +- bract-like, faces scabrous or with soft, jointed hairs, becoming +- glabrous, minutely gland-dotted. Inflorescence: heads in congested to open cyme-like clusters on branch tips; peduncle 0.5--10+ cm, thinly cobwebby, glandular-puberulent; involucre 10--15 mm, 5--6 mm diameter, phyllaries in 5--7 series, entire, finely soft hairy, lanceolate, white-margined, outer with wide, flat spine tips 1.5--2 mm, innermost with membranous, spineless tips. Flower: sterile flowers 0--5, corolla of sterile flower +- 10 mm, included in involucre; corolla of fertile flower 5.5--6 mm, white [purple], tube +- 2.5 mm, throat +- 1.5 mm, lobes 1.5--2 mm; anthers exserted, light brown. Fruit: 3--3.5 mm, pale gray-brown, ascending-hairy, faces not pitted; pappus scales unequal, <= 3 mm, minutely fringed, outer < inner.
Ecology: Disturbed ground, seasonally flooded sites; Elevation: <= 250 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, w DSon (vicinity of Borrego Springs); Distribution Outside California: northern Africa; introduced Arabian Peninsula, South America. Flowering Time: Feb--Jun Note: An emerging weed, first observed at Newport Beach in 1987 (misidentified as Centaurea muricata_=_Volutaria muricata); first noted in 2010 at Borrego Springs. Expanding aggressively despite eradication efforts.
Synonyms: Volutaria canariensis Wagenitz, misapplied
Jepson eFlora Author: David J. Keil
Reference: Keil 2006 FNANM 19:174--175
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

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Citation for this treatment: David J. Keil 2019, Volutaria tubuliflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 7,, accessed on September 24, 2023.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2023, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 24, 2023.

No expert verified images found for Volutaria tubuliflora.

Geographic subdivisions for Volutaria tubuliflora:
SCo, w DSon (vicinity of Borrego Springs)
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).