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Vascular Plants of California
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Nama californica


Higher Taxonomy
Family: NamaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: NAMA FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, taprooted or roots adventitious, sometimes rhizomed, generally hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect, branched. Leaf: deciduous or +- persistent, simple, generally cauline, alternate, or proximal opposite and distal alternate, venation pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme-like, panicle-like, head-like, terminal or axillary, or flowers 1 or paired in axils. Flower: bisexual, radial; calyx lobes 5, fused at base, +- equal, alike in shape, persistent, occasionally enlarged in fruit, sinus appendages 0; corolla deciduous, rotate, funnelform, urceolate, or urceolate-tubular, lobes 5; appendages on tube between filaments 0, appendages at tube top 0, nectary glands 0; stamens 5, epipetalous, included or +- exserted, equal or unequal, filaments equally or unequally attached within corolla tube, filament base sometimes appendaged, or base expanded; ovary generally superior, occasionally half-inferior, chambers 2 or 4, placentas 2, parietal, narrow; styles 2, terminal, branches 2, free to base or fused 3/4 to apex, stigmas generally entire or occasionally lobed; disk subtending ovary generally conspicuous. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal or loculicidal and septicidal; valves 2 or 4. Seed: (1--)2--many; attached fleshy structure 0.
Genera In Family: 3 genera, +- 76 species: Americas, Caribbean, Hawaii; some cultivated (Eriodictyon, Wigandia). Toxicity: Dermatitis sometimes caused by contact with glandular hairs (Eriodictyon parryi, Wigandia). Note: Previously treated within Boraginaceae in TJM2 and APG (1998) or as a tribe (Nameae) or subfamily (Namoideae) within Hydrophyllaceae; a distinct lineage from an emended Hydrophyllaceae (Ferguson 1998[1999]; Refulio-Rodríguez & Olmstead 2014).
eFlora Treatment Author: Genevieve K. Walden & Robert W. Patterson
Genus: NamaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: PURPLE MAT
Habit: Perennial herb or generally annual, hairy. Leaf: cauline, generally alternate, margin crenate-dentate or generally entire, wavy, flat, or rolled under. Inflorescence: heads or generally clusters, terminal, not coiled, or flowers 1--2 in leaf axils; bracts 0 or generally leaf-like. Flower: calyx generally free from ovary; corolla salverform to bell-shaped, occasionally cylindric; stamens generally attached to corolla at different levels, generally unequal, part fused to corolla generally narrow-winged, scales at base 0; styles 1--2. Fruit: generally loculicidal, ovoid to elliptic. Seed: generally many, small, red-brown, brown, black, or yellow to orange.
Species In Genus: +- 55 species: southwestern United States, tropical America, Hawaii. Etymology: (Greek: a stream) Note: Nama lobbii A. Gray now in Eriodictyon.
eFlora Treatment Author: Sarah Taylor
Unabridged Reference: Ferguson 1998 Syst Bot 23:253--268; Hitchcock 1933 Amer J Bot 20:415--430, 518--534
Nama californica (A. Gray) J.D. Bacon
NATIVE
Habit: Generally puberulent to fine-strigose, hair bases generally swollen. Stem: prostrate, 3--10 cm, forked. Leaf: generally sessile, 5--14 mm, 1--4 mm wide, oblanceolate, spoon-shaped, or elliptic. Inflorescence: flowers +- sessile. Flower: calyx lobes 2--5 mm, lance-linear, silky-hairy; corolla 1--3 mm, bowl- or bell-shaped, white to pale pink, basal tube +- 0.5 mm, limb 1--2 mm diam, lobes 0.4--0.8 mm, 0.5--0.8 mm wide; stamens 0.8--1.3 mm, attached <= 0.5 mm above corolla base, free filament abruptly expanded above attachment; styles 2, 0.5--1 mm. Fruit: 2--2.5 mm. Seed: <= 4, 0.8--1 mm, ovoid, minute-cross-ridged, with depressions. Chromosomes: 2n=14.
Ecology: Dry, sandy areas; Elevation: 500--2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRI, s SN, Teh, SnJV, e SnFrB, SCoRI, TR, w edge DMoj. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Lemmonia californica A. Gray
Jepson eFlora Author: Sarah Taylor
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)

Previous taxon: Nama aretioides var. multiflora
Next taxon: Nama demissa

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Citation for this treatment: Sarah Taylor 2021, Nama californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 9, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=101158, accessed on June 27, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on June 27, 2022.

Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2017 Neal Kramer
Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Chris Winchell
Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2017 Neal Kramer
Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Chris Winchell
Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2017 Neal Kramer
Nama californica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Chris Winchell

More photos of Nama californica in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Nama californica:
NCoRI, s SN, Teh, SnJV, e SnFrB, SCoRI, TR, w edge DMoj.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).