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Vascular Plants of California
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Andersonglossum occidentale
WESTERN HOUND'S TONGUE


Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BORAGE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, or shrub, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate-decumbent to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, simple, generally alternate, sometimes opposite, especially at base. Inflorescence: cymes, arranged singly or in groups of 2--5, generally coiled in flower, generally elongating in fruit. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 5, free or fused at least at base; corolla 5-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, appendages (often called "fornices") 0 or 5 at top of tube, when present often differentially pigmented, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary superior, 4-lobed, style 1, entire or minutely 2-lobed (2-branched). Fruit: nutlets 1--4, when > 1, all similar (often called "homomorphic") or 1 or 2 dissimilar in size and/or shape from the others (often called "heteromorphic"), free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 90 genera, +- 1600--1700 species: mostly temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Echium, Myosotis, Symphytum). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Sometimes still treated in broader sense of TJM2 (e.g., APG IV 2016 Bot J Linn Soc 181:1--20), but recent evidence (Luebert et al. 2016) supports segregation, for our flora, of the families Ehretiaceae, Heliotropiaceae, Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae, and Namaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael G. Simpson, C. Matt Guilliams, Kristen Hasenstab-Lehman & Ronald B. Kelley
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, C. Matt Guilliams, Kristen Hasenstab-Lehman, David J. Keil, Ronald B. Kelley, Robert W. Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti & Michael G. Simpson
Genus: AndersonglossumView Description 


Habit: Perennial herb, biennial, +- hairy, taprooted. Stem: erect. Leaf: entire, basal petioled, cauline petioled or not. Inflorescence: panicle-like cymes, +- terminal, bracted or not. Flower: calyx +- deep-5-lobed, enlarged in fruit; corolla 5-lobed, funnel-shaped or salverform, blue to red-purple, appendages large; style entire. Fruit: nutlets generally 4, spreading, 5--8 mm diam, +- spheric or disk-shaped, short-barbed-prickly, adaxial attachment scar at tip.
Species In Genus: 3 species. Etymology: For William R. Anderson, American botanist, 1942--2013 + Cynoglossum, where previously included Note: More closely related to members of subtribe Amsinckiinae than to Cynoglossum (where previously included) based on molecular phylogenetic analyses (Cohen 2015; Simpson et al. 2017).
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Michael G. Simpson
Reference: Cohen 2015 Syst Bot 40:611--619; Simpson et al. 2017 Taxon 66:1406--1420
Andersonglossum occidentale (A. Gray) J.I. Cohen
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb. Stem: 1--several, clustered, 1.5--5 dm, spreading-hairy, not glaucous. Leaf: rough-hairy; basal blade 5--15 cm, 1--4 cm wide, +- oblanceolate, base tapered, petiole 4--10 cm, winged; cauline +- many, sessile. Inflorescence: above leaves; bracts scale-like or 0; pedicels 4--8 mm. Flower: corolla 6--9 mm, bell-shaped, limb 4--9 mm diam, tube, lobes +- blue, generally tinged rose to brown, appendages white. Fruit: nutlets +- spheric, ascending-spreading, abaxially rounded, margin not raised.
Ecology: Open, dry, conifer forest; Elevation: 900--2600 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, NCoRH, NCoRI, CaRH, SNH, MP; Distribution Outside California: to central Oregon. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Cynoglossum occidentale A. Gray
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald B. Kelley & Michael G. Simpson
Reference: Cohen 2015 Syst Bot 40:611--619; Simpson et al. 2017 Taxon 66:1406--1420
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Citation for this treatment: Ronald B. Kelley & Michael G. Simpson 2021, Andersonglossum occidentale, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 9, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=100787, accessed on May 19, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on May 19, 2022.

No expert verified images found for Andersonglossum occidentale.



Geographic subdivisions for Andersonglossum occidentale:
KR, NCoRH, NCoRI, CaRH, SNH, MP
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).