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Vascular Plants of California
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Sedum paradisum subsp. paradisum
CANYON CREEK OR PARADISE STONECROP


Higher Taxonomy
Family: CrassulaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: STONECROP FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [+- tree-like or climbing], fleshy. Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite (whorled), in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes, or basal and cauline (not in rosettes), reduced on distal stem or not, often +- red. Inflorescence: generally a cyme, panicle-like, generally bracted. Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3--5, generally +- free; petals generally 3--5, +- free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3--5(--8), simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1--many, style 1 per pistil. Fruit: follicles, generally 3--5. Seed: 1--many, small.
Genera In Family: +- 33 genera, +- 1400 species: +- worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornament. Note: Water-stressed plants often +- red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in Aeonium and Dudleya, structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; thus in taxa where the inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form an inflorescence. In Sedum structures below the inflorescence are interpreted as stems and leaves, not peduncles and bracts. Seed numbers given per follicle. SCIED: Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
eFlora Treatment Author: Steve Boyd, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SedumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: STONECROP
Habit: Perennial herb (annual, biennial, subshrub), rhizomes often present, stolons present or 0, sometimes from stout caudex, generally glabrous (glandular-hairy); rosettes 0 or open to dense; stolons generally leafy; stems often shedding leaves as flowering progresses; sterile shoots generally densely leafy. Leaf: fleshy, sessile, alternate or opposite (whorled), cylindrical to strongly flattened, linear to suborbicular; stem leaves ascending to reflexed; bases truncate to cordate and slightly clasping, decurrent or not; tips acute to notched. Inflorescence: terminal cymes, generally panicle-like, often head-like to flat-topped, cylindrical, or obconic, the branches sometimes raceme-like; flowers generally bracteate, the bracts like stem leaves but generally smaller. Flower: sepals, petals generally 5(4--8), sepals < petals, fused at base, blunt to acuminate; petals free or fused at base, erect to spreading; stamens generally 8 or 10, in 2 whorls, epipetalous or not; pistils (4--)5(--8), free or fused at base. Fruit: follicles free or fused at base, erect or spreading, style generally persisting as elongate beak, splitting along distal, inner margin. Seed: many, narrowly ellipsoid to lanceolate, ovoid, or pear-shaped, longitudinally striate or not, the surface sometimes papillate or netted, often shiny, sometimes with short narrow stalk at one or both ends, not prominently winged or adhesive.
Species In Genus: +- 500 species, largest genus in family: temperate and tropical mountains, North America, Mexico, Central America, Europe, Asia, northern and eastern Africa, Atlantic islands, Indian Ocean islands; cultivated as ornamentals, green roofs. Twelve native taxa are CA endemics. Etymology: (Latin: to sit, referring to its low habit) Note: Sedum integrifolium (Raf.) A. Nelson (S. rosea (L.) Scop. misapplied), +- dioecious with tuberous caudex and winged seeds, moved to Rhodiola. CA reports of Sedum oreganum Nutt. from n KR based on misidentifications, but reported in s Oregon, near Siskiyou Co. border, so should be sought in n KR; keys here to Sedum patens but petals, filaments yellow, inflorescences erect in bud, rosette leaves generally shiny, rosettes 12--16 mm diam. Sedum sexangulare L. a local escape from gardens in n ScV. Sedum pinetorum Brandegee a distinct species but doubtful member of CA flora; more likely Mexican (Moran 1950 Leaflets West. Bot. 6:62--63). Structures below inflorescence interpreted here as stems, leaves, not peduncles, bracts. Individual leaves or vegetative bulblets break free, root, start new plants in some taxa. Rosette density a measure of how closely leaves packed on rosette axis and best assessed on plants in full sun; shaded or sheltered plants often have atypically loose rosettes, longer internodes. Petal tips, on freshly opened flowers, oriented 0--30 degrees from vertical called erect, 30--45 degrees from vertical called ascending, > 45 degrees called spreading. With age petals can spread more widely. In cultivation flowers sometimes have petals more widely spreading, paler than in wild populations. Sepals of most flowers elongate after flowering; descriptions give sepal lengths during flowering. Fresh petal, stamen colors given in keys. Anther, filament color often easiest to assess in flower buds, before anther dehisces; they age to darker hues, rarely can be determined on dried specimens. Herbarium collections should include leafy fertile stems, early in the flowering cycle, and note unopened anther color, angle, color of fresh petals, and what structures, if any, waxy. Color photographs of living plants from several angles often useful, as so much detail lost in challenge of preparing dried specimens.
Unabridged Note: Sedum blochmaniae Eastw., synonym of Dudleya blochmaniae. Sedum pumilum Benth., synonym of Sedella pumila. Sedum rhodiola, replacement name for Sedum rosea, misapplied in CA (see Rhodiola integrifolia). Sedum variegatum S. Watson., synonym of Dudleya variegata.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter F. Zika, Richard E. Brainerd, Julie Kierstead, Barbara L. Wilson, Nick Otting & Steven Darington.
Reference: Zika 2014 Phytotaxa 159:111--121; Zika et al. 2018 Phytotaxa 368: 1--61
Species: Sedum paradisumView Description 


Common Name: PARADISE STONECROP
Habit: Perennial herb, rhizomes stout, stolons present or 0; stems, rosette leaves, inflorescences, and sepals lacking thick granular wax. Stem: 4--25 cm, glabrous, glaucous; rosettes generally dense in sunny sites, internodes generally obscured, < 3 mm. Leaf: strongly flattened; rosette leaves > stem leaves, 10--50 mm, 5--20(--27) mm wide, obovate to oblanceolate, often a flat gray, sometimes blue-green, greenish, pinkish or orange, tip blunt to notched; stem leaves alternate, 8--36 mm, ascending, often a flat gray, sometimes pinkish, purple or greenish, oblanceolate to oblong or obovate, often > 2× as long as wide, bases truncate. Inflorescence: subspheric to cylindrical or flat-topped, 2.2--14 cm, (3--)10--60-flowered. Flower: calyx lobes 2.3--7 mm, 33--95% as long as petals; petals 6--12 mm, white or cream, sometimes light yellow or pinkish, bases sometimes pink to orange, ascending, tips generally blunt; filaments yellow, white or greenish-white; anthers yellow, orange, or red. Fruit: mature follicles fused at base, erect, 4.2--10 mm. Seed: 1--1.6 mm, lanceolate, striate.
Note: Stem leaves are elongate and can be similar to rosette leaves.
Sedum paradisum NULL subsp. paradisum
NATIVE
Stem: 4--25 cm. Leaf: often a flat gray, sometimes greenish or pinkish; rosette leaves 13--50 mm, 5--20(--27) mm wide; stem leaves 8--36 mm, distal stem leaves elongate. Inflorescence: cylindrical to flat-topped, 2.2--14 cm, 10--60-flowered; developing inflorescences erect in bud and in flower. Flower: calyx lobes 6--7 mm, 40--80(--95)% as long as petals; petals 6--12 mm, generally cream colored, sometimes white to light yellow, bases sometimes pink to orange; filaments white or yellow; anthers yellow, orange or red, aging white, gray, brown, or dark red. Fruit: follicles 9--10 mm. Seed: 1--1.6 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=30.
Ecology: Dry to mesic outcrops, rocky slopes, lava flows, not on serpentine; Elevation: 200--2100 m. Bioregional Distribution: s KR (Shasta and Trinity cos.), CaRH (Red Mountain, n Shasta Co.). Flowering Time: Jun--Jul Note: Developing inflorescences, before flowering, stiff and straight, unlike nodding or arching young inflorescences of subsp. subroseum.
Jepson eFlora Author: Peter F. Zika, Richard E. Brainerd, Julie Kierstead, Barbara L. Wilson, Nick Otting & Steven Darington.
Reference: Zika 2014 Phytotaxa 159:111--121; Zika et al. 2018 Phytotaxa 368: 1--61
Index of California Plant Names (ICPN; linked via the Jepson Online Interchange)
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Citation for this treatment: Peter F. Zika, Richard E. Brainerd, Julie Kierstead, Barbara L. Wilson, Nick Otting & Steven Darington. 2022, Sedum paradisum subsp. paradisum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 10, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=108792, accessed on June 24, 2022.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2022, Jepson eFlora, https://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on June 24, 2022.

Sedum paradisum subsp. paradisum
click for enlargement
© 2014 Len Lindstrand III
Sedum paradisum subsp. paradisum
click for enlargement
© 2014 Len Lindstrand III
Sedum paradisum subsp. paradisum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Len Lindstrand III
Sedum paradisum subsp. paradisum
click for enlargement
© 2014 Len Lindstrand III
Sedum paradisum subsp. paradisum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Len Lindstrand III
Sedum paradisum subsp. paradisum
click for enlargement
© 2014 Len Lindstrand III

More photos of Sedum paradisum subsp. paradisum in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Sedum paradisum subsp. paradisum:
s KR (Shasta and Trinity cos.), CaRH (Red Mountain, n Shasta Co.).
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
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Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time (fruiting time in some monocot genera).