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IOC entry for Ulva rigida

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Ulva rigida C. Agardh

Ulva rigida C. Agardh, 1823 [1822–1823]: 410–411 (lectotype locality: Cádiz, Spain fide Papenfuss, 1960: 305).—Harvey, 1863: lix.— Sonder, 1880: 29.— Levring, 1938: 3–4, figs. 1A–C.— Stephenson, 1947: 297.— Isaac, 1953: 63.— Newton, 1953: 398.— Isaac, 1956a: 165.— Isaac, 1957b: 77.— Isaac, 1958: 20.— Pocock, 1958: 24.— Gerloff, 1960: 608.— Durairatnam, 1961a: 18.— Kappanna & Sitakara Rao, 1962: 559.— Kappanna, Sitakara Rao, & Syama Sundar, 1962: 381.— R. Parekh & A. Rao, 1964: 387–388.— Sitakara Rao & Tipnis, 1964: 17.— Thivy, 1966: 27, 28.— Seagrief, 1967: 36, pl. [12].— Sitakara Rao & Tipnis, 1967: 279, 280, 282, 285–286.— W. Isaac & F. Isaac, 1968: 25, pl. 5: F.— V. Krishnamurthy & H. Joshi, 1969: 124, figs. 1, 7, 13, table 1.— Dhandhukia & Seshadri, 1970: 110.— S. Dixit, 1970: 103.— V. Krishnamurthy & H. Joshi, 1970: 3.— Sreenivasa Rao & Kale, 1970: 71.— Umamaheswara Rao, 1970a: 3.— Kothi, 1971: 1–7, figs. 1, 2, tables 1, 2.— Imbamba, 1972: 114.— Sreenivasa Rao, 1973: 158–159.— Umamaheswara Rao, 1973c: 688.— Bhanderi & Trivedi, 1975: 97.— M. Dave & Parekh, 1975: 44.— K.S. Patel, 1975: 25–26, table 1.— Kothi & V. Krishnamurthy, 1977a: 9–26, tables 3–6.— Kothi & V. Krishnamurthy, 1977b: 55.— R. Parekh, Maru, & Dave, 1977: 360.— Saifullah & Nizamuddin, 1977: 524, figs. 15–17, pl. II:C.— Brown & Jarman, 1978: 1253, 1254.— M. Dave & Parekh, 1978: 324.— Kothi & V. Krishnamurthy, 1978: 79.— Beckley & McLachlan, 1979: 178, figs. 5–7.— Beckley & McLachlan, 1980: tables 1–3.— Chelazzi & Vannini, 1980: 582.— Farghaly, 1980: 53.— Lawson, 1980: 17.— Moorjani, 1980b: 460, fig. 3.— Seagrief, 1980: 20.— Sreenivasa Rao & Parekh, 1981: 578.— Untawale, Dhargalkar, & Agadi, 1983: [7].— R. Parekh et al., 1984: table 1.— Kalugina-Gutnik, 1985: 97.— P. Subba Rao et al., 1985: 31.— Banaimoon, 1986: 126, fig. 2.— Bolton, 1986: 255.— Bolton & Stegenga, 1987: 168.— Chennubhotla, Kaliaperumal, & Kalimuthu, 1987a: 100–101.— Oyieke & Ruwa, 1987: 83, 85, 92.— R. Parekh & Chauhan, 1987: table 1.— Umamaheswara Rao, 1987a: 21.— Seagrief, 1988: 38, fig. 5:1.— Al-Hasan & W. Jones, 1989: 293, pl. 1: fig. 8.— J. Phillips, 1989: 445–450, figs. 2, 3, 24–26.— Untawale, Reddy, & Deshmukhe, 1989: table 1.— Huisman & Walker, 1990: 355.— Scheibling et al., 1990: 652.— A. Carter & Anderson, 1991: 561, fig. 6.— Lavery, Lukatelich, & McComb, 1991: 3, 5.— Lavery & McComb, 1991: 252, figs. 3–5, 7, table II.— Adams, Knoop, & Bate, 1992: 220.— Basson, 1992: 219.— Jagtap, 1992: 57.— Kalugina-Gutnik, Perestenko, & Titlyanova, 1992: 26 (table 1).— Naqvi et al., 1992: 131.— Shameel & J. Tanaka, 1992: 19.— Titlyanov et al., 1992: 17, 20, 23, 24 (tables 1–4).— Titlyanova, Perestenko, & Kalugina-Gutnik, 1992: 45.— Zvyagintsev & Ivin, 1992: tables 1, 2, 6, 8, 10.— Amjad & Shameel, 1993b: 115.— Dye, 1993: 264.— Farrell, Critchley, & Aken, 1993: 150.— Kalugina-Gutnik, 1993: 55.— Ormond & Banaimoon, 1994: 116.— Scheibling, 1994: 143.— Titlyanov et al., 1994: 258, 261.— Wynne, 1995: 327.

Ulva lactuca Linnaeus var. rigida (C. Agardh) Le Jolis, 1863: 38.—Barton, 1893: 53.— Børgesen, 1936: 61.— E. Lewis & Gonzalves, 1962b: 317, tables 4–6.— Kale & V. Krishnamurthy, 1966: 14.— Kale & V. Krishnamurthy, 1967: 234–239, fig. 1, tables 1–4.— E. Lewis, 1967: 298 ff.— Subbaramaiah & V. Krishnamurthy, 1967: 324.— Kale & V. Krishnamurthy, 1968: 32–35, figs. 1–9.— Kale & V. Krishnamurthy, 1969: 275–281, figs. 1, 2, tables 1, 2.— Payri, 1985: 640.

Taxonomic synonyms:

* Phycoseris ulva Sonder, 1845: 49 (type locality: Western Australia).—Sonder, 1846 [1846–1848]: 153.— Kützing, 1849: 477.— Harvey, 1855b: 565.— Womersley, 1984: 142.

Phycoseris gigantea Kützing var. perforata Kützing, 1849: 476 (syntype localities: Europe; America; Australia).—G. Martens, 1868: 23, 60–61.

Ulva australis Areschoug, 1854b: 370 (type locality: Port Adelaide, South Australia).—Womersley, 1984: 141–142, figs. 44B, 45D–F.— Huisman et al., 1990: 92.— Kendrick, Huisman, & Walker, 1990: 49.

Letterstedtia petiolata J. Agardh, 1883: 176–177, pl. IV: figs. 123, 124 (type locality: Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia fide Womersley, 1956: 354).

Ulva spathulata Papenfuss, 1960: 309 (including Indian Ocean record).

INDIAN OCEAN DISTRIBUTION: Aldabra Islands, southeast Arabian coast, Australia, India, Kenya, Kuwait, Laccadive Islands, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nicobar Islands, Réunion, Seychelles (including Mahé Island), Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Yemen.

Note: Phycoseris gigantea var. perforata is included as a synonym on the authority of Bliding (1969: 546–554), Ulva australis and U. spathulata on the authority of J. Phillips (1989: 445, 448). Phycoseris ulva was referred to U. rigida by Harvey (1863: lix), but according to J. Phillips (1989: 411) its status remains unresolved. Ulva spathulata Papenfuss is a substitute name for U. petiolata (J. Agardh) Womersley (1956: 354), a later homonym of U. petiolata Turra (1780: 68; type locality: Adriatic Sea) (Flabellia petiolata (Turra) Nizamuddin, 1987: 176), a species not reported from the Indian Ocean.

Next entries:
Ulva rigida forma tropica
Ulva saifullahii
Ulva sorensenii

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