Note: The taxonomic history of Entocladia Reinke (1879: 476) and closely related genera was reviewed by Yarish (1975). Subsequently, E. viridis Reinke, the type of the generic name, was assigned to Phaeophila Hauck (1876: 56) by Burrows (in Parke & Dixon, 1976: 568) and to Acrochaete N. Pringsheim (1862: 8) by Nielsen (1979: 442). Chiefly on the basis of developmental details gleaned from culture studies, O'Kelly & Yarish (1981a; 1981b) reinstated Entocladia, pointing out that Phaeophila has a "vastly different sporangial development pattern'' and that Acrochaete is distinguished by having both prostrate and erect vegetative systems. Those authors also assigned Epicladia flustrae Reinke, the type of Epicladia Reinke (1889b: 31), to Entocladia, thus sharing the opinion of several earlier authors.
Entocladia polysiphoniae P. Anand, 1940: 31–32, fig. 15B, nom. illeg. (type locality: Karachi, Pakistan).—K. Srinivasan, 1965: 204.— S. Dixit, 1968: 12.— Shameel & J. Tanaka, 1992: 20.
Entocladia anandii Nielsen, 1972: 265.
INDIAN OCEAN DISTRIBUTION: Pakistan.
Note: Entocladia anandii is a substitute name for E. polysiphoniae Anand, a later homonym of E. polysiphoniae Setchell & Gardner (1924a: 718, pl. 13: fig. 18; type locality: Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico), a species not reported from the Indian Ocean. Nielsen (1980; 1984) referred to Epicladia those species of Entocladia that seemingly lack setalike structures. Entocladia polysiphoniae P. Anand, said by its author to lack hairs, lies within Nielsen's circumscription of Epicladia.